Attitudes toward social interaction with masculine and feminine types: An empirical study

Introduction. Significant changes are taking place in the system of gender relations in modern conditions, but the processes of interaction in it remain poorly understood. Purpose: to identify differences in attitudes towards social interaction with people of masculine and feminine types. Theoretical analysis.

Semantic codes of the modern profession “Teacher”: Invariants and innovations

The article presents the results of the analysis of the semantic codes of the profession “Teacher” in the modern circumstances. The invariant meanings of educational activity are reconstructed on the basis of proverbs and sayings, which reflect and express collective wisdom in an aphoristic form, which save and transmit the ontological meanings of teaching. The invariant meanings accumulate social ideas about the teacher, represented by everyday beliefs of social actors about the profession “Teacher”.

Psychoanalytic ideas of leadership and modern ideas about its nature

Introduction. The article discusses the main psychoanalytic ideas of leadership, starting with the analysis of the fundamental work of Z. Freud’s “Mass psychology and self-analysis”, ending with an overview of modern leadership concepts using or based on the provisions of psychoanalysis. Theoretical analysis. The pa per analyzes the psychodynamic processes in the dyads “leader – crowd” and “leader – followers”, identifies the key concepts of leadership used in psychoanalysis.

The model of the development of moral consciousness of the individual

Introduction. The article presents an interdisciplinary analysis of ideas about the phenomenon of guilt, a model of the development of moral consciousness of the individual is proposed for consideration. Theoretical analysis. A critical analysis of scientific publications devoted to the topic of guilt allows us to conclude that their methodological part is very modest, which makes it difficult to further study this phenomenon.

Psychological and pedagogical approaches to the formation of a complex of professionally important personality traits of future doctors

Introduction. The relevance of the article is due to the lack of psychological and pedagogical support for the formation of professionally important qualities (PIQ) among medical university students and the requirements imposed on the graduate by the social “order” and the requirements of the professional standard and the Federal State Educational Standard. The purpose of the article is the theoretical and experimental substantiation of approaches to the formation of PIQ of future doctors. Theoretical analysis.

The founder of the Saratov University psychological school S. L. Frank (on the occasion of 145th anniversary of the scientist)

The article is devoted to the 145th anniversary of the outstanding philosopher of the 20th century S. L. Frank (28.01.1877–10.12.1950), who preserving the pre–revolutionary traditions of teaching psychology as part of philosophy at the historical and philological faculties of Russian universities, in 1918 for the fi rst time in Saratov began teaching psychology at Saratov University, thus becoming the founder of the regional psychological school. An apologist for philosophical (idealistic) psychology, Frank invited Professor A. A.

Psychological readiness of the NPP operational shift to work in emergency situations as a condition of its group reliability

Introduction. The article analyzes the phenomenon of psychological readiness of operational shifts of the nuclear power plant (NPP) to work in emergency situations. The study of operational shifts of nuclear power plants in this direction was conducted for the first time. Theoretical analysis. Psychological readiness is a condition for the formation of such a characteristic of an operational shift as group reliability, which, in turn, is the most important prerequisite for a safe and reliable work shift.

Some factors of subjective economic well-being

Introduction. One of the main motivations of the human community is the desire for well-being, and its subjective feeling is the basis of a full-fledged life of the individual, which is why the study of subjective economic well-being (SWB) is an urgent task of modern psychology. The term “SWB” first appeared thanks to the works of B. Strumpel and A. Campbell. The concept was defined as the result of a social comparison of the actual status of a person with his needs and perception of his own position.

Socio-psychological and personal characteristics of the manifestation of workaholism

Introduction. The most important sphere of a modern person’s life, which takes up a large amount of time, is work activity, which can lead to an inability to fully devote time to communicating with loved ones and avoiding one’s own unresolved life and psychological problems. Theoretical analysis. An analysis of works in the field of workaholism studies shows that more attention is paid to this problem abroad than in Russia.

The relationship between the attitude to the disease and social perception in persons with hysterical neurosis

Introduction. The study is aimed at examining the attitude to the disease of persons with hysterical neurosis in the aspect of coherence with the peculiarities of their social competence. Insufficient knowledge of thе problem field is shown, which resonates with an increase in the rate of disability of this contingent. The hypothesis is formulated that the subjects with hysterical neurosis have a disharmonious and maladapting egocentric attitude to the disease, interconnected with a significant violation of social perception. Empirical analysis.