Psychology

Family Value in Young People with Different Reproductive Behaviors

The article is devoted to the consideration of the system of values in individuals with different models of reproductive behavior. Studies of domestic and foreign authors on this issue are carried out to a greater extent in the framework of sociological research. Preferences and interests making up a social portrait of the representatives of the “childfree” and the degree of tolerance of youth to this movement are identified. In psychological research, a hierarchy of values and personal characteristics of childfree representatives are determined.

Value Profiles of Modern Students and Teachers at Universities: Consensus or Gap?

The article presents the results of the empirical study which serves the purpose to analyze and compare value profiles of modern university lecturers and students as the main subjects of educational process. To verify the assumption that there was no value gap between the representatives of the studied groups a research among 80 participants (60 students and 20 teachers) has been made. The “Portrait Questionnaire” by S. Schwartz was used as a diagnostic tool and the criterion Mann – Whitney was used to establish the significance of the differences.

Results of the Development of the Economic Activity Inventory

The article represents the results of the development and verifying the express method for studying economic activity. As a result of theoretical analysis, four approaches to the study of economic activity were identified, one of which is purely psychological. In the framework of this approach, the definition of economic activity is formulated as the characteristic of a person, manifested in the level of intensity and initiative of the interaction with objects of economic reality (in the role of a consumer, entrepreneur, employee, borrower, investor, etc.).

Socio-Psychological Specificity of Families of Adolescents with Various Types of Autoaggressive Behavior

The article is devoted to the study of the specifics of sociopsychological characteristics of families of adolescents with different types of autoaggressive behavior. The study involved 1,977 people, aged 10–18 years. Methods were used to identify the risks of suicidal, self-harming behavior, use of substances, as well as a questionnaire to study the socio-psychological characteristics of adolescent families.

Diagnostics of Branch Types of Organizational Culture

The article presents the author’s method of diagnostics of branch types of organizational culture, developed on the basis of the branch model of organizational culture by T. Deal and A. Kennedy. The authors of the model identified four branch types of organizational culture – trading, speculative, investment, and administrative. The criteria for distinguishing between them were the speed of feedback and the degree of risk.

Confessionally-Caused Features of Motivation Among Jews

The problem of religious motivation gives a deeper understanding of the religious identity of believers, the religious values of systems and their coherence, the specifics of socio-psychological interaction. The religious motivation of the Jews is not well understood. The aim of the work is to study the religious motivation of the Jews and identify its specificity. The study is organized as a quantitative measurement using a psychological inventory and questionnaire and subsequent statistical analysis of the results. In our study, we used the model of Stojkovich I.

From The Gift of Others to the Gift for Others: A Socio-Cultural Aspect of Giftedness

The article presents the results of theoretical reflection of the “giftedness” construct, which is currently not only included in the field of priority areas of scientific research, but also meets the needs, demands and challenges of a rapidly changing modern society. The basic concepts that operate on the concept of “giftedness” are analyzed, and three groups of approaches to the study of giftedness are conditionally identified: personality-centered, socially-oriented, and culturally-oriented.

Internality Predictors in a Situation of Economic, Physical and Social Deprivation

Systemic analysis in medical psychology involves the study of the impact of both physical and social restrictions (disability) on the psyche of the patient and economic deprivation. To overcome the disease situation psychologically, the patient has to be ready for difficult life situations, which also include situations of failure. A sick person needs objective and subjective external support both of the family and other people in order to keep his or her active life position, especially if the person has a disability.

Psychological Competency of Students of Midwifery Specialty

The aim of our research was to study the features of the psychological competence of future obstetricians. Obstetrics is a medical field in which the psychological competence of a specialist plays a special role, given the close psychosomatic relationship characteristic of the perinatal period. However, at the present stage, this issue is an almost unexplored area, including the formation of psychological competence during vocational training of students majoring in Obstetrics. In order to study the features of the psychological competence of future obstetricians, this study was conducted.

Justice Measurement in Organization: Psychometric Characteristics of the Procedural Justice Scale of the Organizational Justice Scale Developed by J. Colquitt

The author analyzes the concept of organizational justice and describes different approaches to the justice measurement. The author analyzes the impact of the procedural justice as a factor which results in high work motivation and productivity, constructive attitudes to work and prevention of job insecurity perception. The psychological content of justice in the organization as a unidimensional and multidimensional construct is discussed. The empirical study presents the results of validation of the subscale of “Procedural justice” (The Organizational Justice Scale, J. A. Colquitt).

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