Philosophy

Problems of formation of environmental consciousness: Educational aspect

The formation of mass environmental awareness among the younger generation is one of the most pressing problems of environmental education that also needs support from state and public organizations, designed to ensure the continuity, accessibility and methodological content of its implementation in educational institutions of all levels. The article provides a brief overview of the historical and political preconditions for the established attitude to the environment in our country, and specifies the features of the manifestation of intrasystemic connections “nature-human-society”.

Christian mystical experience in the panorama of transformations of non-classical ontologies of being-in-time

Trajectories of intersection and divergence between philosophical and religiously mystical versions of the ontology of being-in-time are studied in the article. It is concluded that the soul is constituted in qualitatively different time than “I”. If the soul is the junction of times, then “I” lives in the place of time breaking. The exit from time to eternity is preceded by the transformation of temporality by the junction of time in the modus of the present.

The vector subject in the factual ontology of Q. Meillassoux

The concepts of contingency, factuality, and correlationism introduced by Meillassoux are clarified in the article. The question of the contingency of the forms of correlation is revealed in the context of the functioning of post-Kantian philosophy. The contingency of the correlationist theories of a subject is established.

Main (Grundfrage) and leading (Leitfrage) questions about being: Claim for ancient understanding

The article is devoted to the question of being in Heidegger’s fundamental ontology, namely, his claim to understand the ancient idea of being. In his work “Contributions to Philosophy (From Enowning)”, Heidegger distinguishes between the understanding of being as the being of everything that exists and his own understanding of being as such, out of connection with things. He calls the first point the “leading question” and attributes its authorship to Aristotle, the second one – “the main question”.

Antinomy of love and suffering in the religious philosophy by S. L. Frank

The article explores the essence of the antinomy of love and suffering. Within the framework of the problem, the works of the Russian religious philosopher S. L. Frank turned out to be significant. The author analyzes the semantic content of love and suffering, which became possible when considering the concept of the metaphysics of the all-unity of the thinker. In the course of studying the problem, an aspect of the contradiction between the selected phenomena is revealed, which is based on a positive and negative assessment of the understanding of these sensations.

Ontological analysis of the models of scientific conceptuality bordering on metaphysics

The article analyzes some conceptual models of modern science, which border on metaphysics, that is, when working with them, they require an assessment of their ontological and cognitive status. The concepts of “dark” or “black” matter are considered in connection with the so-called problem of “mass defect”, and negative quantities in mathematics.

Motherhood as a factor of the comprehension of life in the realities of a consumer society

Modern society is focused on a prestigious-status consumption, material values are cultivated in it to the detriment of spiritual ones, the meaning of life becomes unclear, a person falls into an “existential vacuum”. Consumer tendencies can be contrasted with love in its various manifestations, including one of the strongest – motherly love. But in modern realities, motherhood is faced with the devaluation, belittling of its role.

Orphic-Pythagorean tradition as a channel of the religious influence of Egypt on Plato's doctrine of the immortality of the soul

The article considers one of the particular problems of cross-cultural interaction between Ancient Greece and Egypt - the mediating role of the Orphic-Pythagorean tradition in the Egyptian influence on the Platonic doctrine of the immortality of the soul. This problem is rarely touched upon in the national science, although its study allows one to discover new aspects in the development of ancient Greek philosophy. The methodological basis is the historical-comparative scientific analysis.

The role of spiritual enlightenment in the formation of Russian religiosity: A historical and philosophical analysis

The study examines the attitude of society and the state to church culture from the position of Russian religious philosophers. In Russia, the attitude towards Orthodoxy as a fundamental tradition laid the foundation for the perception of the Byzantine understanding of state power as a patron and defender of churchliness. In the second half of the 15th century, Muscovy became the only Orthodox state.

Conscience and ideology

The purpose of the article is to analyze the relationship between the phenomenon of conscience and ideology. The work uses psychoanalytic and cultural-historical approaches, the methods of critical philosophical reflection and dialectical logic are applied. Conscience is viewed as a person’s ability to critically assess his or her thoughts and actions in accordance with personal ideas about what should be done.

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