Philosophy

Феминистские подходы к критике андроцентристских теорий общества: методологический аспект

The article is devoted to the consideration of the methods used by feminist theory for a critical study of androcentric theories of society. Despite the existence of many examples of criticism of the society theories, revealing their androcentric conditionality, no attempt has been made to analyze the methodology used in them with the potential of its capabilities to identify the androcentric component of these theories.

Philosophical Background of Successful Patriotic Education

The article discusses the philosophical background of successful patriotic education, which is fundamental, not related to the sociocultural situation. The relevance of the issue arises from the need to formulate methodology for patriotic education, which optimizes efforts for developing and implementing specific programs of patriotic education. It is also necessary at a fundamental level to resolve the dispute between supporters and opponents of the objectivity and a positive role of patriotic education for society and the individual.

The Formation and Development of Ancient Philosophy of Mythology

In the article the process of emergence and development of ancient Greek philosophy of mythology is considered. The main trends in interpretation of the phenomenon of mythology by Ancient Greek thinkers are analyzed. The study of this issue allows to understand the special features of the process of demythologization and rationalization of public consciousness, and besides it allows to establish the reasons of this process. Thus, the task of studying the development process of ancient philosophy of mythology and also the role of mythology in ancient spiritual culture are set.

The Society of Consumption as a Source of Social and Spiritual Risks

The society of consumption (another name – consumer society), as it is studied and understood in modern scientific literature, is a complex and ambiguous phenomenon. On the one hand, the society of consumption is associated with the domination of material values over spiritual ones, on the other hand, they say that the main objects of consumption are not material things themselves, but their symbolic and social significance, i.e. the intangible dimension of the material world.

Human Existence as Writing

The article’s aim is to investigate human existence through the notion of writing, using philosophical concepts of J. Derrida and J.-L. Nancy. Any of our actions or thoughts can be interpreted as acts of writing, located on the surface of touching, in the area, where oneself is opening to the Other. Our existence doesn’t “have sense”, but it itself becomes the sense, being written out. The paper also raises the issue of the idea of self. Being local and for that reason always different effect of writing, ego hereby is fragmentary, irreducible to any unity, devoid of self-identity.

Homo Ludens 2.0: The Limits of Mythologization in the Digital Space of the Game

The article considers the processes of mythologization in the game space. The author, noting that current mythological processes in fact occur simultaneously with mythmaking, compares the specifics of mythological activities in public life and in the digital space. The systematic approach is used to study the contemporary myth. The analysis of such closely related components of modern social mythology as ritual and game is carried out. The game is considered as one of the mythocontent phenomena of the ritual.

Trust as a Moral Principle of Advocacy

The article analyzes the evolution of the concept of «trust» in ethical and socio-philosophical thought. It is emphasized that trust is correlated with such concepts as responsibility, integrity, honesty and is directly involved in the formation of a professional reputation. The communicative side of legal work is analyzed, which involves not only the exchange of information, but also the psychological interaction between people, which is directly supported by trust. We look into the role of trust in the realization of the professional activity of a lawyer at various social levels.

Identification Problems of a Woman in Ancient States (the Ancient East and the Antique World)

The article is devoted to the study of the problems and possibilities of identifying a marginalized person using the example of a woman of the ancient state. Stereotypes of patriarchal culture produce the appearance of “security” and limit the development of a personal identity, directing it at socially established roles. Representatives of different schools of thought including existential philosophy and psychology, raising the issues of the authenticity of existence, opposed the pressure of culture and the conditionality of a person in the XIX-XXI centuries.

The Problem of Complexity of the Universe: “The Grand Design” or Perceptual Aberration?

The hypothesis is that complication of the theoretical apparatus of fundamental science is caused not by the very nature of reality itself, but by a perceptual aberration. Such an aspect of the problem as stratification of an object in various information coding systems is revealed. The same object (the same quality, property, relation) can be duplicated in various coding systems that creates the illusion of different objects (different qualities, properties, relations). Diverse aspects of the object itself do not coincide with the variety of ways of its coding in our cognitive means.

Risk-generating Aspect of Education and Sociocultural Potential of the Society in the Context of Digitalization

The object of the authors’ research is the modern society, in which digitalization initiates the endless change of situations derived from the development of the information technology environment. Digitalization is transforming systemic social processes, local practices, and such a strategically important area as education, which is most sensitive to a state of uncertainty. Since uncertainty causes existential risks, the need for an anthropological approach to the analysis of everyday life arises in the study of the risk-generating aspect of education.

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