Izvestiya of Saratov University.

Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogy

ISSN 1819-7671 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1948 (Online)

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The End of History: Factors and Methodological Parameters of the Conceptualization of the Idea

Rozhkov Vladimir Petrovich, Saratov State University

The article explores the problem of constructing concepts of the end of history. The author draws attention to the anthropogenic, social and historical factors of the emergence and increasing of interest to the topic of finiteness of the historical process. He notes its manifestation in eschatological intentions of theological comprehension and philosophical reflection of the meanings of completing the path of humanity from the past to the present. The author reveals the variable dynamics in the methodology of the philosophy of history, the peculiarity of which at the turn of the second and third millennia is seen in the fact that civilizational projects become dominant. F. Fukuyama and S. Huntington create competing concepts of the end of history in their parameters. The article provides a comparative analysis of methodological tools for designing the proposed models. As a result, the author comes to the conclusion about the limitations of the methodological resource of the civilizational approach, the conceptual implementation of which catalyzes the risk-generating character of the functioning of the international community. Developing the ideas of previous publications, he suggests applying a multi-level methodological synthesis based on the principles of differentiation and complementarity. In his opinion, the synthesis of elements of civilizational and formational methodology with moral and axiological semantic orientations of Christian exegetics can present an interesting perspective in this regard.


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