The phenomenology of rational and irrational thinking

This article examines the phenomenological structure of various types of thinking: rational, instrumental, irrational, magical, aesthetic, and ethical. The modalities of consciousness that determine the development of a particular way of thinking, as well as the conditions and forms of their disclosure in different social and cultural conditions of social reproduction are revealed. The author shows the significance and direction of development of the phenomenology of irrational thinking in the context of modern socio-political realities of Russia.

The End of History: Factors and Methodological Parameters of the Conceptualization of the Idea

The article explores the problem of constructing concepts of the end of history. The author draws attention to the anthropogenic, social and historical factors of the emergence and increasing of interest to the topic of finiteness of the historical process. He notes its manifestation in eschatological intentions of theological comprehension and philosophical reflection of the meanings of completing the path of humanity from the past to the present.

Scientific and Technical Rationality: Horizons of Interaction

The article develops the author’s concept of relations between communication and isolation in the structure of the totality of technology and science, the ratio of rational to normative scientific, cognitive and technical structures. The focus is on the nature of ideals and norms of scientific and technical research, the types of scientific and technical rationality, their interdependence, and their role in cognition. The aim of the work is a comparative analysis of scientific and technical rationality based on the study of the foundations of science, technology and paradigms.

The Ontological Foundations of the Institutional Person

While connecting social philosophy with ontology the ontological foundations of the institutional person are opening new unexplored strata of the creation thus greatly broadening the horizons of a scientific research. Using the rational synthesis of religious and scientific world outlook, "mechanical" principles of self-organization of a material world are supplemented by consciousness the forms of which are intrinsic not only to a person.

Freedom and Responsibility in the Context of Consciousness Evolution: Synergetic Analysis

The main subject of the article includes the characteristics of the evolution of consciousness and culture in general from the standpoint of the synergetic philosophy of history exploring the evolution of complex socio-cultural systems, the processes of selforganization at the phenomena level (non-equilibrium, bifurcation) and at the level of essence (selection, super-selection).

Ontological Incompleteness of the Human Being and the Theory of Consciousness

The article is devoted to the problem of incompleteness in a human life. Incompleteness is considered to be a chronical lack of something within the boundaries of self-identification. The concept of ontological incompleteness as a non-predeterminance of a
human being up to the wholeness is introduced. The understanding of incompleteness is explicated with the help of the theory of consciousness. Consciousness is represented as the several levels of psychic processes.

Conceptions of Duration as Basis of the Neoanimistical Ontologies

The article devoted to problem of distinction of «animated» and
«inanimate» categories. The problem is examined in a context of
ontological conception of the stream of time (the Bergson’s idea
of the duration and Deleuze’s conception of «synthesis of time»).
It comes to the conclusion about presence of great number of
levels, intensities in the degree of animated, and also about the
great number of rudiments of the soul as a forms of the synthesis
of time.

Archetype and the Sense of Culture

This article is dedicated to studying of the correlation of archetype and sense from the point of view of philosophy. The main idea of this article: archetypes can be the psychological basis for the generation of the culture as phenomenon.

Consciousness and Quantum Reality

The original approach to the decision of a mind-body problem which basis on philosophically rethought of H. Everetts «multiworld» interpretation of quantum mechanics and also M. Mensky's idea about identity of consciousness with process of selection of quantum alternatives is offered. The explanation of visible psychophysical interaction and processes of a reduction of wave function in the quantum mechanics is offered.


The Question of Definition of Conception «Transformed conditions of consciousness

It makes an attempt to define the conception «Transformed conditions  of  consciousness?»  and  «Is  the  consciousness  cognized?». It gives proof of the fact that consciousness is a form of interaction of person with society. In its turn transformed conditions of consciousness is a consciousness of such interaction. It emphasizes that depersonalizations and alienation are come out as a factor of transformed conditions of consciousness.