Izvestiya of Saratov University.

Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogy

ISSN 1819-7671 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1948 (Online)

Full text:
(downloads: 31)
Article type: 

St. John’s theorem

Mozzhilin Sergey Ivanovich, Saratov State University

The article analyzes the spiritual-mystical components underlying speech, language and self-consciousness of a person. The research is carried out on the basis of an interdisciplinary scientific approach. The main attention is focused on the prologue of St. John, considered as a scientific theorem that paves the way for solving the problem of the existence of language and human self-consciousness. The methodological basis of the study is the author's concept of the formation of a sign-symbol of a mystical, disembodied being – a spirit, which formed the basis of a face symbol, in the phylogeny of humanity, as a consequence of mental mechanisms of transfer and replacement. This concept is used for the first time in the aspect of comprehending the prologue of St. John, which is the novelty of the study. The work logically substantiates the impossibility of the existence of the human word, and at the same time of abstract thinking and self-consciousness, without the psychic reality of an incorporeal, mystical controller and verbal designer of thought – namely, the spirit that prompts the subject to incessant acts of identification with him. At the same time, the logic of the study allows us to draw a conclusion about the scientific truth of the prologue of St. John, with regard to the beginning of human language and self-consciousness. Also, as a conclusion, the author emphasizes the key importance of a religious belief in a mystical ruler for the realization of the existence of language and self-consciousness of a person.

  1. Augustine. Confessions. Volume I: Books 1–8. Loeb Classical Library, 2014. 480 p. (Russ. ed.: Ispoved / Avgustin Avreliy. Ispoved; Abelyar Petr. Istoriya moih bedstvii. Moscow, Respublika Publ., 1992. 335 p.).
  2. Tibetan Book of Great Liberation: Editor W. Y. Evans Wentz, Contributor C. G. Jung. London, Oxford University Press, 1954. 358 p. (Russ. ed.: Jung C. G. O psikhologii vostochnykh religiy i fi losofi i. Moscow, Medium Publ., 1994. 254 p.).
  3. Lacan J. On nonsense and the structure of god. In: A. Miller, ed. The Seminars of Jacques Lacan Book III: The Psychoses. New York, W. W. Norton, 1955–1956, pp. 117–129 (Russ. ed.: Lakan J. O bessmislice i strukture Boga. Metafi zicheskie issledovaniya. Vyp. 14. Status inogo. St. Petersburg, Izdatel'stvo Sankt-Peterburgskogo fi losofskogo obschestva, Aleteiya Publ., 2000, pp. 218–231).
  4. Shugurov M. V. Christian religious-mystical experience: norm and deviations. In: I. D. Nevvajay, ed. Mir cheloveka normativnoe izmerenie – 7.0. Problema obosnovaniya norm v razlichnih perspektivah ot realizma do konstruktivizma: sbornik trudov mejdunarodnoi nauchnoi konferencii (Saratov 7–9 iyunya 2021 g.) [Human World: Normative Dimension – 7.0. The Problem of Substantiating Norms in Various Perspectives: From Realism to Constructivism: Collection of Proceedings of an International Scientifi c Conference]. Saratov, Izdatel’stvo Saratovskoi gosudarstvennoy yuridicheskoy akademii, 2021, pp. 456–481 (in Russian).
  5. Lossky V. N. Bogovidenie [The Vision of God]. Moscow, АСТ Publ., 2006. 759 p. (in Russian).
  6. Ivanov M. S. The word of revelation. Bogoslovskiy vestnik [Theological Bulletin], 2015, no. 18–19, pp. 19–42 (in Russian).
  7. Duplinskya Yu. M. Ontology and language in the context of the linguistic turn. Izvestiya of Saratov University. Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogy, 2020, vol. 20, iss. 3, pp. 253–258 (in Russian). https://doi.org/10.18500/1819-7671-2020-20-3-253-258
  8. Makovsky M. M. Sravnitelniy slovar mifologicheskoy simvoliki v indoevropejskih jazykah. Obraz mira i miry obrazov [A Comparative Dictionary of Mythological Symbolism in Indo-European Languages. The Image of the World and the Worlds of Images]. Moscow, Vlados, 1996. 416 p. (in Russian).
  9. Mozzhlin S. I. Common, person (face), and spirit in speech and language: issues on language origin. Psihologo-ekonomicheskie issledovaniya [Journal of Psycho-Economics], 2015, vol. 2 (8), no. 3, pp 74–82 (in Russian).
  10. Friauf V. A. To a Question of the Beginning of Language. Izvestiya of Saratov University. Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogy, 2016, vol. 16, iss. 3, pp. 292–296 (in Russian). https://doi.org/10.18500/1819-7671-2016-16-3-292-296
  11. Mozzhilin S. I. The Mental Dominant of Animism and Personifi cation. Voprosy fi losofi i, 2012, no. 9, pp. 67–73.
  12. Levy-Bruhl L. Primitives and the Supernatural (Le surnaturel et la nature dans la mentalite primitive). New York, Haskell House Publishers, 1973. 405 p. (Russ. ed.: Levi-Bryul L. Sverhestestvennoe v pervobitnom mishlenii. Moscow, Pedagogika-Press Publ., 1999. 608 p.).