Izvestiya of Saratov University.
ISSN 1819-7671 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1948 (Online)


Elements and Objects Russian Mythology in the Maslenitsa

The article is devoted to the rituals and ceremonial acts of Maslenitsa, also the elements of Russian mythology are explored. The author refers to the methodology of the philosophy of Name, the symbolic concept of speech and language, as well as the concept of the ontological mutual convertibility of language and time phenomenon, which are described in the works by V. A. Friauf and V. V. Kanafeva. The publication analyzes the deities and mythological characters and the embodiment of the fertility power of Maslenitsa complex – Volos and Mokosh‘.

The Image of the Grand Inquisitor in Religious Philosophy of K. Barth

The article is about problem of man’s being in the situation of spiritual and moral values crisis. This crisis leads to appearance of the fenomenon of Grand Inquisitor. The image of Grand Inquisitor had been created by F.M. Dostoevsky and in theology of K. Barth it became the symbol of situation of world, in which God’s death was proclaimed. Therefore Barth claimed that humanity had to do everything to avoid spiritual and cultural catastrophe, to which Grand Inquisitor could lead humanity.

To the Problem of the Features of Existential Philosophy of N. A. Berdyaev

In the article, the problem of the religious nature of the existential philosophy of N. A. Berdyaev is considered. It is shown that his understanding of his own philosophy as the existence of the spirit affected the way he understood the issue of freedom. For a philosopher, freedom is a state of mind, and therefore, the problem analyzed is not political and not legal, but exclusively religious.

The Existence of Freedom by N. A. Berdyaev and L. I. Shestov: Comparative Analysis

The article deals with the problem of the religious nature of the existential philosophy of N. A. Berdyaev and L. I. Shestov. A comparative analysis of their concepts in relation to the Christian interpretation of freedom has been carried out. It is shown that the concept of freedom can be expressed not only by its own semantic meaning (semantics), but also be reflected in the intuitive experience of existential cognition. Thus, the substantial freedom in the personal perception of N. Berdyaev and L.

St. John’s theorem

The article analyzes the spiritual-mystical components underlying speech, language and self-consciousness of a person. The research is carried out on the basis of an interdisciplinary scientific approach. The main attention is focused on the prologue of St. John, considered as a scientific theorem that paves the way for solving the problem of the existence of language and human self-consciousness.

Dynamics of ideas about the process of secularization in socio-philosophical discourse

Introduction. The article analyzes the process of secularization of Western European society as a source of world secularism from the point of view of a Russian modern philosopher Grigory Borisovich Gutner and a Canadian philosopher, cultural historian Charles Margrave Taylor. Theoretical analysis. The purpose of this article, first of all, is not only the analysis of secularism as such, but also an attempt to understand the ways out of its coordinate system, which has driven itself into its own trap.