Izvestiya of Saratov University.

Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogy

ISSN 1819-7671 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1948 (Online)

Full text:
(downloads: 30)
Article type: 

Genesis of Russian religious philosophy of the Slavophiles A. S. Khomyakov and I. V. Kireevsky

Shcherbakov Vitaly Yurevich, Tambov State University named after GR Derzhavin

The article is devoted to the philosophical, religious and world views of A. S. Khomyakov and I. V. Kireevsky. Based on the analysis of the authors’ creative and epistolary heritage, the authors show the ambiguity of their judgment from the point of view of Orthodox theology. The hermeneutic method allowed the author to analyze the primary sources of A. S. Khomyakov and I. V. Kireevsky, their contemporaries and followers from the point of view of Orthodox theology to determine the degree of their compliance with Orthodox doctrine. The purpose of the work is to compare the creative heritage of the founders of the religious and philosophical movement of the Slavophiles A. S. Khomyakov and I. V. Kireevsky. This is a new look at the formation of the religious and philosophical worldviews of A. S. Khomyakov and I. V. Kireevsky. The strongest sides of A. S. Khomyakov are the following: he presents the Church as a single moral union of those who preach the teachings of Christ, based on love for their neighbor. Rationalism is not conducive to the establishment of faith, and everyone who is separated from the Church does not have love. I. V. Kireevsky, on the other hand, followed the path of knowledge of Roman philosophy and its influence on the formation of Western theology; analysis and conclusions in assessing the development of theology in Russia and Europe; negative effect of ritualism on the worldview of true Orthodoxy in Russia.

  1. Ilarion (Troitskiy), hieromartyr. A. S. Khomyakov and ancient church polemicists. In: Tvoreniya: v 3 t. [Creations: in 3 vols.]. Moscow, Izdatel'stvo Sretenskogo monastyrya, 2004. vol. 3, рр. 179–192. Available at: https://azbyka.ru/otechnik/Ilarion_Troitskij/khomjakovi-drevnetserkovnye-polemisty/  (accessed 15 November 2020) (in Russian).
  2. Meshcherinov Petr, igumen. Ecclesiology: Khomyakov and Arndt. Bogoslov.ru. [Theologian.ru], 2020. 6 noyabrya. Available at: https://bogoslov.ru/article/1438013 (accessed 15 November 2020) (in Russian).
  3. Khomyakov A. S. Letter to A. N. Popov from October 23. 1848. In: Khomyakov A. S. Polnoe sobranie sochineniy: v 8 t. [Khomyakov A. S. Complete Works: in 8 vols.]. Moscow, Universitetskaya tipografiya Publ., 1900, vol. 8, pp. 188–189 (in Russian).
  4. Losev A. F. Termin «magiya» v ponimanii P. A. Florenskogo [The Term “Magic” in the Understanding of P. A. Florensky]. In: Sochineniya. T. 2: U vodorazdelov mysli [Works. Vol. 2: At the Water Shets of Thoughts]. Moscow, Pravda Publ., 1990, pp. 276–280 (in Russian).
  5. Shaposhnikov L. E., Fedorov A. A. Istoriya russkoy religioznoy fi losofi i [History of Russian Religious Philosophy]. Moscow, Vysshaya shkola Publ., 2006. 447 p. (in Russian).
  6. Khoruzhiy S. Alexey Khomyakov: Teaching on Sobornost and the Church. Bogoslovskie trudy [Theological Works], 2002, collection 37, pp. 153–179. Available at: http://www.odinblago.ru/homakov_o_sobornosti  (accessed 25 November 2020) (in Russian).
  7. Peshkov A. A. Ecclesiology A. S. Khomyakov in the assessment of academic theology of the 19th – early 20th centuries (in the context of the patristic heritage of the 1st-3rd centuries). Trudy Nizhegorodskoy dukhovnoy seminarii [Proceedings of the Nizhny Novgorod Theological Seminary], 2017, iss. 10, pp. 57–98 (in Russian).
  8. Kireevskiy I. V. Razum na puti k istine [Reason on the Way to the Truth]. Moscow, Pravilo Very Publ., 2002. 215 p. (in Russian).
  9. Orlov M. О. The role of spiritual enlightenment in the formation of Russian religiosity: A historical and philosophical analysis. Izvestiya of Saratov University. Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogy, 2021, vol. 21, iss. 2, pp. 153–158 (in Russian). https://doi.org/10.18500/1819-7671-2021-21-2-153-158
  10. Kireevskiy I. V. Polnoe sobranie sochineniy: v 4 t. T. 3: Pis’ma i dnevniki [Complete Works: in 4 vols. Vol. 3: Letters and Diaries]. Kaluga, Izdatel’skiy pedagogicheskiy tsentr “Grif”, 2006. 488 p. (in Russian).