Izvestiya of Saratov University.
ISSN 1819-7671 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1948 (Online)


Globalization and Individualization: Logic of Social and Philosophical Interrelation

Article is devoted to a research of processes of globalization in the context of the structure and specifics of transformation of global society. Against the background of globalization there is a deformation of the existing subjects that often is represented researchers of society as something, destroying social solidarity. The special place in the context of the delivered problem is allocated to a dichotomy research «collective – individual». The author criticizes the dominating theory that because of globalization there is individualization.

Morris Halbwachs: Cultural Contexts of Memory

М. Halbwachs founded new school – social studies of memory. М. Halbwachs's works related to collective memory problems turned out to be highly actual and productive for humanitis of late XX and early XXI centuries. His works include the issue of correlation of collective and individual memory and history, memory and tradition, the problem of social and cultural memory functions.

The Problem of the Meaning of Life in the Philosophy of the Confucius

This article deals with some fundamental aspects of the philosophical ideas of the great Chinese thinker the Confucius. The author of the article tries to explore the Confuciuss views according to the circle of philosophical problems of the sense of life.

Nikolay Berdjaev: the Aesthetics of Tradition and Pathos of Revolution

In article is presented the point of view on N.A. Berdjaeva's philosophy, allowing to understand it as consequence of difficult interaction of two opposite factors. On the one hand, its origin and education; on the other hand, its involvements into elements of historical shocks. The author underlines that «reconciliation» of these moments, according to the doctrine of the Russian thinker, probably, thanks to the creative beginning in the person.

Global Terrorism Ideology under the Sign of Tradition/Modern/Postmodern

This article presents an analytical review of the existing in academic and political areas interpretations of the phenomenon of «global terrorism». Exposed intellectual and ideological positions are structured according to acknowledged periodization of the European Universal history conception, i.e. under the sign of tradition, modern and postmodern. Each of these directions produces one’s conceptual vision of the phenomenon of terrorism, names its reasons and gives recommendations to solute the problem.

Social Memory in the Life Space of Socium

The article discusses modern problems of inheritance and perception of the past from the standpoint of the categorical apparatus of social philosophy. The conceptual bases of the analysis are connected with the comprehension of the heuristic possibilities of the concepts “social space”, “living space”. When analyzing the ontology of social space, three types of spatial relationships should be considered: institutional, spatial-stratification and civilizational.

Dialogue of Church and State: Problem of Interpretation in Conservative Ideal and Political Philosophical Tradition and Political Theology of K. Shmitt

Traditionally, for many centuries, the dialogue between the Church and the state was characterized by a significant influence of the Church on all major spheres of social life in most countries of the Christian world. Revealing the theocratic foundations of the institutionalization of the value dialogue of the church and state in modern societies, the author focuses on clarifying the causes of the spiritual and moral crisis of Western civilization.

The Problem of Relationships of Tradition and Creativity During the Crisis of Culture

The article analyzes the interaction of creativity and tradition in times of crisis situations in culture. The author took as a basis the crisis situation in culture during the twentieth century in connection with the development of a new artistic trend of modernity, which tried to destroy the canonical foundations in art. The crisis in the culture of the twentieth century was considered on the basis of the analysis of the concepts of O. Spengler, H. Ortega-i-Gasset, V. Weidle, P. Sorokin, and J. Huizinga.

Problems of Traditionalism in the Framework of Historical and Philosophical Discourse

In the article we attempted to understand and solve the problem of ideologizing the tradition in its most popular form such as traditionalism. We tried to show how the emergence and spread of the ideas of traditionalism depended on the role and degree of awareness of tradition in society. The influence of tradition changed throughout the history of society.

V. A. Kutyrev’s Phenomenological Substantialism Program

The reader is presented with the manifesto of the phenomenological substantialism of the Nizhny Novgorod philosopher V. A. Kutyrev, published in the form of his new monograph. The departure to machine and digital immortality is criticized by the Volga thinker as yet another seduction of a technocratic civilization, digital self-deception. Kutyrev Vladimir Aleksandrovich is known as a social philosopher, a leftist conservative, a supporter of controlled progress. His papers and books are an event for the Russian intellectual life.