Izvestiya of Saratov University.

Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogy

ISSN 1819-7671 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1948 (Online)

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Madness in the discourse of the “Other” in the contemporary philosophy

Atyaskina Anastasia Nikolaevna, Samara National Research University named after academician S. P. Korolev

Introduction. This paper considers madness as a metahistorical category of culture as well as an excluded language in Western European culture that exists despite the language code. To determine the status of madness in the contemporary philosophy the author analyses the way it functions in the discourse of “the other”. Theoretical analysis. The exclusion of madness from the context of philosophical research occurred due to such various markers changing from era to era as a lie, delusion, nonsense, buff oonery, and fi nally the dysfunction of the mind completed by Pinel’s reform. The defi nition of madness as a forbidden language comes from two theses: 1) mental disorders result from biological, not socio-psychological problems; 2) madness and a mental disorder are not two diff erent confi gurations, they have organic nature that is to be neutralized in terms of pharmacology and defi ned in terms of behavioral deviations, and that excludes subjective and nonphysical suff ering. Conclusion. The research relevance is obvious because modern aesthetics and philosophy with the cultural model of insanity as a core concept need further elaborating. The duality of the subject of psychiatry concerning the human personality implies that this component must be taken into account apart from exclusively natural-scientifi c studies.

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