Izvestiya of Saratov University.

Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogy

ISSN 1819-7671 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1948 (Online)


Full text:
(downloads: 30)
Language: 
Russian
Heading: 
Article type: 
Article
UDC: 
159.92+316.61+316.62
EDN: 
VUUYNP

Comparative analysis of the characteristics of social adaptation and the formation of social skills in younger students from socially advantaged families and families “at-risk groups”

Autors: 
Romanova Natalia Mikhailovna, Saratov State University
Chernova Marina Vladimirovna, Murmansk Arctic State University
Abstract: 

Introduction. The modern Russian education system is dominated by the attitude to consider non-adaptive aspects of the child’s behavior in the context of the problem. Meanwhile, it can be presented in a different way: in the aspect of insufficient development of certain social skills in a child. It is important to diagnose the presence of these shortcomings and resolve them at primary school age. Of particular relevance is the study of the social skills of children from dysfunctional families and families of the “risk group”. Theoretical analysis. In theoretical terms, the behavioral and psychological problems of younger students are considered in the context of insufficient development of their social skills. Mastering the latter, teaching correct behavior, we regard as a way to resolve the problems that a child has. Empirical analysis. The paper summarizes the results of an empirical study of the characteristics of social adaptation, the structure and level of formation of social skills of younger schoolchildren (N = 65), from families of the “risk group” (M = 8.65 years; N = 31) and children from socially well-off families (M = 9.81 years; N = 34). Social skills were studied using B. Furman’s methodology; features of the child’s socio-psychological adaptation – using the methodology of E. M. Aleksandrovskaya. Conclusion. Statistically significant differences were revealed in terms of indicators of social adaptation (goal-setting, moral and ethical readiness, behavior outside the classroom, relationships with classmates, attitude towards the teacher, emotional well-being) and indicators of the formation of a number of individual social skills of children from families of the “risk group” and children of the control group. The similarity of indicators of general group skills in two groups of younger schoolchildren was found. The applied aspect of the problem under study is related to the possibility of using the results in the development of psychological work programs with younger students.

Reference: 
  1. Vygotsky L. S. Psikhologiya razvitiya cheloveka [Psychology of Human Development]. Moscow, Smysl Publ., Eksmo Publ., 2005. 1136 p. (in Russian).
  2. Erikson E. H. Identity Youth and Crisis. New York, W. W. Norton Company Inc. Publ, 1968. 340 p. (Russ. ed.: Erickson E. Identichnost: yunost' i krizis. Moscow, Progress Publ., 2006. 342 p.).
  3. Usova E. B. Psikhologiya deviantnogo povedeniya [Psychology of Deviant Behavior]. Minsk, Izdatel’stvo MIU, 2010. 321 p. (in Russian).
  4. Zmanovskaya E. V. Deviantologiya: (Psikhologiya otklonyaiyushchegosya povedeniya) [Deviantology: (Psychology of Deviant Behavior)]. Moscow, Izdatel'skiy tsentr "Akademiya", 2004. 288 p. (in Russian).
  5. Bokalina N. A. Deviant behavior of preschoolers. Molodoy uchenyy [Young Scientist], 2019, vol. 47, no. 285, pp. 451–453 (in Russian).
  6. Bondareva I. I. Psychological Conditions for the Development of Social Skills and Skills of Civic Behavior in Younger Students. Thesis Diss. Cand. Sci. (Psychology). Nizhny Novgorod, 2007. 25 p. (in Russian).
  7. Jureviciene M., Kaffemaniene I., Ruskus J. Concept and Structural Components of Social Skills. Baltic Journal of Sport and Health Sciences, 2012, vol. 3, no. 86, pp. 42–52. https://doi.org/10.33607/bjshs.v3i86.266
  8. Lomov B. F. Metodologicheskie i teoreticheskie problemy` psikhologii [Methodological and Theoretical Problems of Psychology]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1999. 349 p. (in Russian).
  9. Bodalev A. A. Leechnost` i obshchenie: Izbranny`e psikhologicheskie trudy` [Personality and Communication: Selected Psychological Works]. Moscow, Mezhdunarodnaya pedagogicheskaya akademiya Publ, 1995. 328 p. (in Russian).
  10. Canney C., Byrne A. Evaluating circle time as a support to social skills development – refl ections on a journey in school based research. British Journal of Special Education, 2006, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 19–24. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8578.2006.00407.x
  11. Furman B. Kids’ Skills: A playful and solution-focused approach to solving children’s problems. Bendigo, St. Luke’s Innovative Resources Publ., 2004. 144 p. (Russ. ed.: Furman B. Navyki rebenka: Kak reshat` detskie problemy s pomoshchyu igry. Moscow, Alpina non-fi kshn Publ., 2013. 220 p.).
  12. Chirkina R. V., Boykina E. E., Koykova K. S., Brigadarenko N. V., Stratiychuk E. V., Tishkova Yu. V., Chebotarev I. V. Evaluation of the Prevention Potential of the technology for the Formation of Socially Signifi cant in Children Skills in the Skillful Class-Method]. Psikhologiya i pravo [Psychology and Law], 2020, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 93–110 (in Russian). https://doi.org/10.17759/ psylaw.2020100407/
  13. Niu S. J., Niemi H. Teachers Support of Students’ Social-Emotional and Self-Management Skills Using a Solution-Focused Skillful-Class Method. The European Journal of Social & Behavioural Sciences, 2020, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 54–73. https://doi.org/10.15405/ejsbs.269
  14. Polozhenie gosudarstvennogo biudzhetnogo uchrezhdeniya Saratovskoy oblasti “Centr sotsialnoy pomoshchi sem`e i detiam g. Saratova” “O reabilitatsionno-krizisnom otdelenii pomoshchi zhenshchinam i detyam” (RKO) (Regulations of the Saratov Oblast State Budget Institution “Saratov Center for Social Assistance to Families and Children” About the Rehabilitation and Crisis Department for Women and Children” (RKO)). Saratov, 2015. Available at: https://social.saratov.gov.ru/social_state_institutions/uchrezhd_socpomoshchi_
    semje_detjam/saratov_family/informacija_o_postavshhike_socialnyh_uslug/
    struktura_i_organy_upravleniya/index.php?SECTION_ID=5667&-
    ELEMENT_ID=50442
    (accessed 19 April 2022) (in Russian).
  15. Alexanderovskaya E. M. Socially-psychological criteria for school adaptation. In: S. M. Grombakh, ed. Shkola i psikhicheskoe zdorov`e uchashchikhsya [School and Student Mental Health]. Мoscow, Meditsina Publ, 1988. pp. 32–43 (in Russian).
Received: 
18.09.2022
Accepted: 
17.10.2022
Published: 
23.12.2022