Izvestiya of Saratov University.

Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogy

ISSN 1819-7671 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1948 (Online)


Full text:
(downloads: 41)
Language: 
Russian
Heading: 
Article type: 
Article
UDC: 
130.2+111.32
EDN: 
XQMQWM

Transhumanism and bioethics about human ecology: The limits of what is permitted

Autors: 
Kraynov Andrey Leonidovich, Saratov State Agrarian University
Abstract: 

Introduction. The article is devoted to the issues of human ecology, the choice of the optimal way for the interaction between science and the human body and consciousness. Transhumanism and bioethics have different views on solving this problem. Theoretical analysis. Developing NBIC-technologies set as their task the global transformation of a person. The idea of creating people-cyborgs and digital copies of human consciousness is considered. Also, modern concepts of the development of science provide for the chipization of a person within the framework of the Neuronet-2035 project. The ethical side of the issue is important. The basic principles of bioethics partially allow technological intervention in the human body, but its degree is not spelled out anywhere. In this regard, a subjective interpretation of the principles of “do no harm”, “do good”, “fairness” and “respect for the autonomy of the patient” is acceptable. Conclusion. Human ecology involves the search and development of effective methods for improving human existence in the “society-nature” system. At the same time, the quality of both the person himself and his environment should be improved. The modern anthropocentric approach to solving this problem has not given any positive results. It is possible that cyborgization will partially solve it, but as a result of this, the person himself will disappear.

Reference: 
  1. Shekhovtseva T. N. Human ecology: Current trends, approaches to defi nition, regional dimension. Obshchestvo: fi losofi ya, istoriya, kultura [Society: Philosophy, History, Culture], 2020, no. 1 (69), pp. 34–37 (in Russian). https://doi.org/10.241158/fik.2020.1.5
  2. Kleymenova L. Chto takoe industriya 4.0 I chto nuzhno o nei znat’ (What is Industry 4.0 and what you need to know about it). Available at: https://trends.rbc.ru/trends/industry/5e740c5b9a79470c22dd13e7 (accessed 3 April 2023) (in Russian).
  3. Vita-More N. Brave BioArt 2: Shedding the bio, amassing the nano, and cultivating posthuman life. Technoetic Arts, 2007, no. 5 (3), pp. 171–186. https://doi.org/10.1386/tear.5.3.171/1
  4. Natasha Vita-More. Transhumanist Manifesto. Available at: https://natashavita-more.com/transhumanistmanifesto/?fl_builder (accessed April 3, 2023).
  5. Kafarov T. E., Ramazanov M. R. Bioethics as a new direction in the moral and ethical discourse of modern society. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. SeveroKavkazskiy region. Obshchestvennye nauki [News of Higher Educational Institutions. North Caucasian Region. Social Sciences], 2015, no. 1 (185), pp. 5–12 (in Russian).
  6. Gessert G. Art is nature: An artists perspective on a new paradigm. Art Papers, 2001, March–April, pp. 16–29.
  7. Mikhel I. V. Filosofskie ocherki o 4-p meditsine, bioetike i budushchem cheloveka [Philosophical Essays on 4-p Medicine, Bioethics and the Future of Man]. Saratov, Yuri Gagarin State Technical University of Saratov Publ., 2016. 208 p. (in Russian).
  8. Dulich L. M., Vakhmistrov V. P. Bioethics and biolaw; Will there be a law on bioethics in Russia? Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskoy yuridicheskoy akademii [Bulletin of the St. Petersburg Law Academy], 2021, no. 3 (52), pp. 38–43 (in Russian).
  9. Action plan (“road map”) of the National Technology Initiative Neuronet. Available at: https://nti2035.ru/markets/mneuronet (accessed April 3, 2023) (in Russian).
  10. Elon Musk urged to suspend the development and training of neural networks. Available at: https://www.rbc.ru/life/news/6424457c9a7947ebee7f7534 (accessed April 3, 2023) (in Russian).
Received: 
03.04.2023
Accepted: 
13.11.2023
Published: 
25.12.2023