From humanism to post-humanism: Transformation of ideas of a man in philosophical thought

Introduction. The article is devoted to the analysis of ideas about a human in modern philosophical movements of transhumanism and posthumanism. Once the highest value and the king of nature, the man-creator and the ruler of the world has turned into a many-sided and sexless creature that has lost passionarity and claims to leadership. Theoretical analysis.

Posthumanism and the problem of immortality: Socio-philosophical analysis

The article is devoted to the analysis of the problem of immortality in the context of the philosophy of posthumanism. The problem of immortality has always worried humanity. In fairy tales and myths, religious systems and scientific research, it occupies a central place, which relates to the natural desire of a person to live forever. In the philosophy of posthumanism, this problem acquires new meanings, moving from a purely speculative metaphysical field to the sphere of practice. The development of NBICS technologies contributes to this metamorphosis.

V. A. Kutyrev’s Phenomenological Substantialism Program

The reader is presented with the manifesto of the phenomenological substantialism of the Nizhny Novgorod philosopher V. A. Kutyrev, published in the form of his new monograph. The departure to machine and digital immortality is criticized by the Volga thinker as yet another seduction of a technocratic civilization, digital self-deception. Kutyrev Vladimir Aleksandrovich is known as a social philosopher, a leftist conservative, a supporter of controlled progress. His papers and books are an event for the Russian intellectual life.

The Values of the Posthuman Future: the Problem of Choice

The article is devoted to the analysis of the postmodern philosophical reflection of the problem of posthumanity, in the aspect of analyzing the interrelation between the development of robotics and the increase in tendencies to asexuality. The philosophy of postmodernism, the world view of transhumanism and the philosophical views of cyberfeminism contributed to the formation and development of a new posthumanistic value system, replacing man with some kind of asexual monster, combining a mixture of man, animal and machine.

Bioethical Judgments about Genetic Engineering

This article discusses the ethical judgments about human genetic engineering. Considered opinions include consequentialist judgments and categorical judgments. Judgments are being analyzed in the emotivist approach. The article concludes that there is no enough empirical knowledge for an adequate judgment on the prospects of human genetic engineering, while the existing judgments are being associated with exaggerated assumptions, bordering on dystopian fiction, and metaphysical concepts.

Ecological Values as Protection against Gender Dysphoria: a Socio-philosophical Analysis

The article is devoted to the analysis of the influence of the ideology of transhumanism on gender self-identification. The values of transhumanism are very successfully institutionalized in modern, especially Western, society, and this process is fraught with serious threats to human being. In the process of analyzing this phenomenon, the author comes to the conclusion that the result of such institutionalization often becomes gender dysphoria, when a person can not fully accept his gender status of a man or a woman.

Transhumanism as the Ideology of a New Social Order

This article analyzes the impact of the information society values on the formation of a new social order. A new social order is focused on transhumanist ideals and pursues the goal of creating posthumanity. Cybernetic immortality, not a natural continuation of the species, is the main purpose of the information society. There is a new system of social values, based on the ownership of the means and information channels. All of the above changes, in turn, lead to the formation of new social order, in which simulation turns into real life.