Izvestiya of Saratov University.
ISSN 1819-7671 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1948 (Online)


Hermeneutic Paradigm of Education: Social Philosophy Analysis

The paper is devoted to the social philosophy analysis of education through a method of hermeneutics. The hermeneutic paradigm of education includes tradition and memory, science and history, world of actual life and social institutions, thus revealing its structural complication and a vast range of aspects inside it. It is noted, that the historical development of education is associated with the change in value of natural and social, political and moral. In the philosophy of M. Heidegger and D.

Phenomenology and Genealogy of Pedagogical Creativity

The article is dedicated to the analysis of the interrelation between the phenomenological and genealogical approaches used to bring to the surface the sources of the pedagogical creativity. It is the connection of learning with genealogical memory, art and poetry, myth and symbol that helps to overcome the cultural links gap between the generations and revive in pedagogy its real creative character.

Morris Halbwachs: Cultural Contexts of Memory

М. Halbwachs founded new school – social studies of memory. М. Halbwachs's works related to collective memory problems turned out to be highly actual and productive for humanitis of late XX and early XXI centuries. His works include the issue of correlation of collective and individual memory and history, memory and tradition, the problem of social and cultural memory functions.

Experimental Researches of Elements and Constants of Didactics

In clause results of experimental researches of elements and the constants of didactics described earlier in work of the author «Elementary didactics» are resulted. Speed of comprehension of the information, speed of mastering of new knowledge, the base constant representing the attitude of quantity of base knowledge to quantity of that it is supposed to master during training are carried to them, quantity of the characteristics forming an image, and an age threshold of training.

Problems of the Graduates Professional Military Knowledge, Skills and Abilities Forming of the Military Educational Institutions of Higher Professional Training of Ministry of the Interior of Russian Federation

The author analyses the cadets' professional military training, based on the fundamental concepts of human psychophysiologic memory. The classification of professional skills from the point of view of their functional area and cognition activating grade has been represented. There have been investigated the correlation of knowledge, skills and abilities in the cadets' professional military training.

Memory, Language and Conciousness in the Dialog of Cultures

The cultures’ dialogue is a manifestation of ontological bipolarity of culture. Memory, language and consciousness interpreted in a context of polar conjugacy of two modalities of functioning of the language in culture – the modality of language as a Sign and the modality of language as a Symbol – are represented as regulating principles in the dialogic interaction of cultures at the everyday and metaphysical levels.

The Memory as a Social Phenomenon

Social memory is a set of knowledge serving as an object of conscious transfer from one generation to another. Its also fixed in the fundamental cultural texts. Study of these texts is a major term of the socialization of an individual in a certain cultural group. Social groups are the mediums of cultural memory, since the processes of communication among the members of the groups act as the constant indicators of the relevance of the information circulating in the society.

Identity as a Social Phenomenon

In the recent years the real storm of interest to the concept of «identity» is observed. The problem of identity became strained when the society had lost the contact to power of nature and tradition and faced the necessity to make self-dependent decisions. Psychoanalysts considered identification as one of defense mechanism. Tradition and memory play the key role in every problem of identity. 

The role of memory in the social recognition mechanism

Introduction. This article examines the role of memory in communication between people, as well as in such a process as recognition. No communication is feasible without the primary recognition of one subject by the other. Recognition is a way of holding a subject in memory through the connection of the less significant with the more significant. Accordingly, recognition becomes social not when it has occurred, but after it has been fixed. Theoretical analysis.

Semantic frame as an element of meaning-making

Introduction. In the modern socio-cultural space, the concept of the meaning of the text of culture, the process of meaning-making have become relevant among scientists. Previously, these concepts were considered in linguistics, psychology and philosophy, today they have become popular among cultural scientists, and art historians. A theoretical analysis of the concept of “frame” allows us to conclude that a frame is a fragment of a person’s memory, representing knowledge about a particular cultural phenomenon.