Izvestiya of Saratov University.
ISSN 1819-7671 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1948 (Online)


The Methodology of the Social Research of the Institutional Person

The paper considers the methodology of the social research of the institutional person and a possibility of working out a universal methodology for an interdisciplinary investigation of the person and an analysis of the social being by interdisciplinary sciences.

Knowledge as a Strategic Resource: the Methodological Foundations of Research

The article considers knowledge and information from the point of view of influence on human life, the role of knowledge in the modern world. Various approaches of understanding knowledge and information, differentiation of concepts of information society and knowledge society are considered. It is suggested that pseudo-knowledge is a stepping stone to the emergence of fundamental knowledge and is part of its development. Man in the modern era receives a huge amount of information, which leads him to “information shock”.

The Limit Phenomenon as a Base of the Mind Intentionality and the Objective Reality Perception

Our work is dedicated to the philosophical analysis of the "limit" phenomenon. The author considers the "limit" as a clear symbol devoid of content, which expresses the essential sense of the Symbolic. The "limit" is viewed as a base abstraction - the source of reflection of the cognitive and epistemological instrument and the basis of plurality (the perception of the material world variety).

Problems of the Graduates Professional Military Knowledge, Skills and Abilities Forming of the Military Educational Institutions of Higher Professional Training of Ministry of the Interior of Russian Federation

The author analyses the cadets' professional military training, based on the fundamental concepts of human psychophysiologic memory. The classification of professional skills from the point of view of their functional area and cognition activating grade has been represented. There have been investigated the correlation of knowledge, skills and abilities in the cadets' professional military training.

The Problem of Estimate in Philosophy and Science in XX Century

The subject of analytical research in this article (problem of estimate) in philosophy in XX century appears indissolubly connected with category «value» (the basic criterion at removal of estimated judgments). In estimate as in phenomenon the unity of value and the
personal sense, world social and individual values reveals. By means of estimation acts the knowledge, representation consciousness of essence of values (as things) valuable life is carried out. An estimation ? one of the ways of actualization of value actually. Estimation is

The Phenomenon of Belief in V. I. Nesmelov's Gnoseology

In article reconstruction of the concept of Russian religious
philosopher V. I. Nesmelov is given, in particular it’s gnoseological
aspect. Questions of a parity of belief and knowledge are considered,
the mechanisms of knowledge process are revealed. The role of
religious thinking on a way to full disclosing of aspects of the human
person is understood.

Struve in Emigration about History and Historical Knowledge

Article is devoted philosophy of history of Peter Struve. Ideas of the Russian thinker are analyzed in a context of philosophy of Russian abroad. Problems of the philosophical bases of history and a historical science are analyzed. Publicistic («The Diary Of The Politician» 1925?1935) and philosophical works of Struve in emigration аre considered. 

Philosophical Background of Successful Patriotic Education

The article discusses the philosophical background of successful patriotic education, which is fundamental, not related to the sociocultural situation. The relevance of the issue arises from the need to formulate methodology for patriotic education, which optimizes efforts for developing and implementing specific programs of patriotic education. It is also necessary at a fundamental level to resolve the dispute between supporters and opponents of the objectivity and a positive role of patriotic education for society and the individual.

The Rational Activity of a Modern Personality and the Meaning of Its “Rationality”

The article is devoted to the analysis of understanding of the meaning of “rationality” of the rational activity by a modern person. According to the author, the achievement of the goal is impossible without solving the problem of studying the epistemological foundations of post-non-classical rationality which dominates the system of civilizational values, since the basis of the meaning of “rationality” always has a certain type of rationality.

Name and Number in the Russian and Chinese Thought Traditions

Ontological status of name and number in Russian and Chinese philosophy – is the subject of the article. Russian onomatology and Chinese school of ming jia are compared. According to onomatology of Paul Florensky, name and number – are two different ontological principle of being-organization. The number is the source of an external and objective being of things. The name is the source of inner and personal being. The number is the source of time and space. The name is the core of personality and the source of spontaneity and duty.