Izvestiya of Saratov University.
ISSN 1819-7671 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1948 (Online)



В статье анализируются проблемы теоретического проекта мир-
системы, выдвинутого представителями западной социологии в 
1970-е гг., и противоречия его реализации в условиях глобали-
зации.  Автор  доказывает  закономерность  возникновения  этого 
проекта, апеллируя к «эффекту системности» сознания с раци-
ональной доминантой экстравертивного мышления в парадигме 
классической философии. В то же время автор обращает внима-
ние на особенности формирования планетарной мир-системы в 

Democracy at the Concepts of the Alternative Directions in the Russian Philosophy (at the End of XIX – First Half of XX Centuries)

The article describes the comparative analysis of the concepts of democracy put forward by the representatives of the alternative directions of Russian philosophy at the end of XIX and first half of XX centuries. The author of the article notes the development of the ideas of democracy, observed and described in ancient Greek philosophy, by such thinkers of the Enlightenment as Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Charles-Louis Montesquieu, and others.

The End of History: Factors and Methodological Parameters of the Conceptualization of the Idea

The article explores the problem of constructing concepts of the end of history. The author draws attention to the anthropogenic, social and historical factors of the emergence and increasing of interest to the topic of finiteness of the historical process. He notes its manifestation in eschatological intentions of theological comprehension and philosophical reflection of the meanings of completing the path of humanity from the past to the present.

Freedom and inequality: On the problem of the history and philosophy of liberalism

The article is devoted to the study of the problem of the doctrinal identification of freedom and inequality by classical liberalism and neoliberalism. Identifying the features of the naturalistic and theological approaches to the manifestation of inequality in human communities, the author notes the philosophical justification of the legal argumentation of inequality in the theories of natural law and the social contract of modern thinkers.

Prospects for the evolution of the form of public organization in Russia in the context of globalization

The purpose of the article is to analyze the prospects for the socio-economic development of Russia. The work uses a culturalhistorical approach, applies methods of critical philosophical reflection and dialectical logic. The main attention is paid to considering the most acceptable form of social organization for Russia, following the traditional features of its historical evolution. The work focuses on the importance of fostering patriotic sentiments for the successful existence of the state and society.

The problem of liberty: The importance of theorizing about classical liberal philosophy in the compatibilism concept formation

Introduction. Modern discussions about free will are reduced to the confrontation between compatibilism and incompatibilism. The desire of the former to connect the free will of the individual with physical conditioning actualizes the problem of responsibility for the moral actions performed by the individual. Theoretical analysis. The main socio-philosophical reflections on liberty and responsibility in the context of the 17th century liberalism theory are analyzed. The concepts of T. Hobbes, J. Locke and B.