Izvestiya of Saratov University.

Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogy

ISSN 1819-7671 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1948 (Online)


Full text:
(downloads: 26)
Language: 
Russian
Heading: 
Article type: 
Article

The Idea of «Beauty» and the Norm of Taste Problem in Ancient Philosophy

Autors: 
Temereva Elena V., Omsk State Technical University
Abstract: 

The article presents a comparative analysis of the solutions proposed by ancient thinkers for one of the central issues of aesthetics and the philosophy of art relating to the norm of taste. In the grounds of the norm of taste problem lies the dilemma: is a certain something beautiful because we like it, or do we like it, on the contrary, because it is perfectly? In other words, «do artist create the Beauty or appear it within things?». This dilemma had different solutions in ancient philosophy. According to Plato and Aristotle the «Beauty» is not created by the artist, but appeared or exists within the «things», therefore the «norm of taste» must be unified. In contrast, Sophists claim the «Beauty» as created only, but not appeared, therefore, the «norm of taste» may be different and multiple. It leads to the conclusion that more heuristic in terms of aesthetics and the philosophy of art are Plato›s arguments about the idea of the «Beauty», and means the idea does not depend on our views (in contrast to Sophists› position), nor the «things» like art objects, the «Beauty» appears within these objects only but does not exists within (in contrast to Aristotle›s position).Plato›s views on the idea of the «Beauty» allow to not only classify the Art because unified the «Beauty» appears in one form or another for every genre, but establish unified foundation for the Art. Therefore, contemporary aesthetics continues to maintain an interest in the legacy of Plato.

Reference: 

1. Iskusstva fi losofi ya [The Philosophy of Art]. Filosofskiy ehnciklopedicheskiy slovar [Philosophical Encyclopedic Dictionary]. Moscow, 1999. 188 p. (in Russian).

2. Tolstyh V. I. Iskusstvo [The Art]. Novaya fi losofskaya entsiklopediya: v 4 t. [New Encyclopedia of Philosophy: in 4 vol.]. Moscow, 2001, vol. 2, pp. 160–162. (in Russian).

3. Bychkov V. V., Bychkova О. V. Prekrasnoe [The Beauty]. Novaya fi losofskaya entsiklopediya: v 4 t. [New Encyclopedia of Philosophy: in 4 vol.]. Moscow, 2001, vol. 3, pp. 337–342 (in Russian).

4. Plato. Republic. Complete Works. Cambridge, 1997, pp. 971–1224. (Russ. ed.: Platon. Gosudarstvo. Izbrannoe. Moscow, 2004, pp. 39–384).

5. Bono E. de. Parallel thinking (from socratic to de bono thinking).London, 1995. 228 p. (Russ. ed.: Bono E. de. Parallelnoe myshlenie. Ot sokratovskogo myshleniya k debonovskomu. Minsk, 2007. 320 p.).

6. Plato. Phaedo. Complete Works. Cambridge, 1997, pp. 49–100. (Russ ed.: Platon. Fedon. Sobr. soch.: v 4 t. Moscow, 1990, vol. 2, pp. 7–80).

7. Plato. Gorgias. Complete Works. Cambridge, 1997, pp. 791–869. (Russ ed.: Platon. Gorgij. Sobr. soch.: v 4 t. Moscow, 1990, vol. 1, pp. 477–574).

8. Plato. Timaeus. Complete Works. Cambridge, 1997, pp. 1224–1291. (Russ ed.: Platon. Timey. Sobr. soch.: v 4 t. Moscow, 1990, vol. 3, pp.421–500).

9. Aristotle. Metaphysics. London, 1998. 460 p. (Russ. ed.: Aristotel. Metafi zika. Soch.: v 4 t. Moscow, 1976, vol. 1, pp. 63–367).

10. Aristotle. Metaphysics. London, 1998. 460 p. (Russ. ed.: Aristotel. Metafi zika. Moscow, Leningrad, 1934, 348 p).

11. Tatarkiewich W. History of Aesthetics: in 3 vol. Vol. 1: Ancient Aesthetics. Berlin, 1970. 358 p. (Russ ed.: Tatarkevich V. Antichnaya estetika. Moscow, 1977. 327 p.).

12. Trubetskoy S. N. Metafi zika v Drevney Gretsii (Metaphysics in Ancient Greece). Moscow, 2010. 589 p. (in Russian).

13. Golubincev V. O., Dancev A. A., Lyubchenko B. S. Filosofi ya nauki (The Philosophy of Science). Rostovon-Don, 2007. 541 p. (in Russian).

14. Plato. Theaetetus. Complete Works. Cambridge, 1997, pp. 157–234. (Russ. ed.: Platon. Teetet. Sobr. soch.: v 4 t. Moscow, 1990, vol. 2, pp. 192–274.).

15. Antiseri D., Reale G. Il Pensiero Occidentale Dalle origini ad oggi: in 4 vol. Vol. 1: Antichita e Medioevo. Brescia, 1983. 701 p. (Russ. ed.: Antiseri D., Reale G. Zapadnaya fi losofi ya ot istokov do nashih dney. Antichnost i Srednevekove. St. Petersburg, 2003. 688 p.).

16. Heidegger М. Nietzsche. Der Europaische Nihilismus. Gesamtausgabe: in 102 Bd. Frakfurt a/M, 1997, Bd. 2. S. 23–230. (Russ. ed.: Heidegger М. Evropey skiy nigilizm. Problema cheloveka v zapadnoy fi losofi i: perevody; pod obsch. red. Yu. N. Popova. Moscow, 1988, pp. 261–313).