Izvestiya of Saratov University.

Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogy

ISSN 1819-7671 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1948 (Online)

Full text:
(downloads: 20)
Article type: 

Philosophical Approach to the Study of a Museum Exhibit

Petrunina Ekaterina A., Saratov State University

The article are examined issues phenomenology of the museum. The phenomenology of the museum is methodological approach in the philosophical analysis. Main subject of research is a museum exhibit for the study of which socio-philosophical approach is involved. In the article it is noted that the thing-exhibit is a necessary component of the cultural space of the museum. The author notes, that the thing of the institution of culture acquires an ontological status and own history. A semiotically insignificant object in the daily life in the museum acquires a new sacred meaning. It acquires a higher significance for society. However, in order for a thing to become a symbol, its meaning must be structured and organized in a certain way. Attention is drawn to the fact that the museum becomes a place of meaning and helps a person to find sacral meanings. Much attention is given to social roles played by museum staff and visitors. The exhibit is the basis of interaction between the employee of the cultural institution and the visitor, as representatives of different social roles. Communication between them occurs in order to convey cultural experience, traditions, ideas and values. This communication comes from society and is designed for him.


1. Larionov I. Yu. Prolegomeny k fenomenologii muzeya [Prolegomena to the phenomenology of the Museum]. Studia culturae [Studia culturae], 2011, no. 11, pp. 35–42 (in Russian).

2. Merleau-Ponty M. Phenomenologie de la perception. Paris, 1945. 474 p. (Russ. ed.: Merlo-Ponti M. Fenomenologiya vospriyatiya. St. Petersburg, 1999. 608 p.).

3. Mushtey N. А. Sposoby bytiystvovaniya veshchey: modeli i dinamika [The ways of being of things: models and dynamics: Thesis. Diss. cand. sci. (Philos.)]. Saratov, 2013. 23 p. (in Russian).

4. Piotrovskiy M. B. Filosofi ya muzeynogo dela [Philosophy museology]. Vestn. Sankt-Peterburskogo gos.un-ta. Ser. 6. Politologiya. Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya [Vestnik of Saint-Petersburg University. Ser. 6. Political science. International relations], 2006, no. 1, pp. 7–10 (in Russian).

5. Husserl E. Ideen zu einer reinen Phanomenologie und phanomenologischen Philosophie: in 3 B. Den Haag, 1976. Erstes Buch. 476 p. (Russ. ed.: Husserl E. Idei k chistoy fenomenologii i fenomenologicheskoy fi losofi i. In: Husserl E. Izbrannye raboty. Moscow, 2005. Kn. 1, pp. 241 –282).

6. Toporov V. N. Veshch v antropotsentricheskoy perspektive [The thing in an anthropocentric perspective]. In: Aequinox, MCMXCIII [Aequinox, MCMXCIII]. Moscow, 1993, pp. 70–94 (in Russian).

7. Frolova S. M., Listvina E. V. Ideologicheskie aspekty povsednevnogo bytiya obshhestva [The ideological aspects of the everyday life of society]. Izv. Saratov Univ. (N. S.), Ser. Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogy, 2017, vol. 17, iss. 1, pp. 52–55 (in Russian). DOI:10.18500/1819-7671-2017-17-1-52-55.