Izvestiya of Saratov University.

Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogy

ISSN 1819-7671 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1948 (Online)

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The Ontology of Digital Code: From Human to Nonhuman

Ryzhenkova Valeria Vladimirovna, Moscow State University named after M.V. Lomonosov

The article provides the analysis of the significance of digital revolution for technoculture, inspired by the scientism of the modern era. An ontological status of digital code is the purpose of this research. The approach is focused on the role of computer interface in optical media history (F. Kittler), along with the understanding of «picture of the world» (M. Heidegger), within computer image review (F. Kramel, M. Fuller). According to media theorists, the digital (understood in common sense as digital media, culture and technology), is based on a discrete code, typically a binary code (A. Evens). Various positions are presented regarding the ontological status of digital code in conceptions of such theorists as M. Hansen, L. Manovich, J. Drucker. This research also problematizes the relationship between human and non-human. An artwork interpretation of hybrid art “Desire of Codes” by Japanese artist S. Mikama is given in subject-object European worldview disparate to alternative ways of understanding the existence of non-human agents in traditional Japanese religion of Shintoism. Thus, the conclusion is drawn about flat ontologies for analyzing a digital code (L. Bryant), as well as the difference between human and nonhuman (i.e. machine) for research of alternative forms of thinking.


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