Izvestiya of Saratov University.

Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogy

ISSN 1819-7671 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1948 (Online)


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Russian
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Article type: 
Article
UDC: 
141.3

Birth and Death of the Subject in A. Kozhev's Philosophy

Autors: 
Gasparyan Diana E., Saratov State University
Abstract: 

The article explores how Kozhev repeatedly strengthens the role of the anthropological factor in being, preserving the basis of Hegel’s philosophical approach and at the same time attributing this intention to Hegel himself. Since Kozhev defines a person as an entity taken in isolation, but understood as a component element of the reality, humanity becomes the only one responsible for the dialectical, i.e. historical dimension in being. On the contrary, Hegel attributes the logic of historicity and dialectical development to all identity, including nature, as a whole. But Kozhev insists on the division of spheres of influence, showing that identity is indeed dialectical, but precisely and only because it is “made” so by the subject – a human-sized part of identity.Only the human being is characterized by inevitable negativity, manifested in the appropriation and transformation of reality. Thus, anthropogenesis is the history of the formation of the Absolute by the forces of emerging subjectivity.

Reference: 

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3. Sartre J.-P. Questiona de method. Paris, Gallimard, 1967 (Russ. ed.: Sartr Zh.-P. Problemy metoda. Stat’i. Moscow, Akademicheskii proekt Publ., 2008. 222 p.).

4. Dekombes V. Quarante-conq ans de philosophie francaise. Paris, Gallimard, NRF – Essais, 1989 (Russ. ed.: Decomb V. Sovremennaya frantsuzskaya filosofiya. Moscow, Ves’ mir Publ., 2000. 319 p.).

5. Kojeve A. Ideya smerti v fi losofi i Gegelya [The idea of death in Hegel' philosophy]. Moscow, Logos Publ., Progress-Tradiciya Publ., 1998. 208 p. (in Russian).