Izvestiya of Saratov University.

Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogy

ISSN 1819-7671 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1948 (Online)


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Russian
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Article type: 
Article
UDC: 
159.923.2

The Relationship of Cognitive Characteristics of Personality and Maladaptive Behaviors in the Structure of Individuality in Students

Autors: 
Belykh Tatiana Viktorovna, Saratov State University
Abstract: 

The article presents the data of a statistical study using correlation analysis, which revealed the specifics of the relationship between the severity of rigidity, flexibility, the characteristics of the cognitive style and maladaptive behaviors in the structure of individuality in students. For diagnosis, such methods were used as: G. V. Zalevsky's Tomsk rigidity questionnaire; J. Young Schema Questionnaire; V. T. Kozlov's "Intellectual liability" test; The Stroop Color and Word Test; Rosenzweig Frustration Test; A. Luchin's test for flexibility of thinking; K. Gottshaldt Figures test. A correlation analysis of statistics was used. The study involved 73 university students aged 17–25 years. As the results of the study showed, the higher the cognitive plasticity and intellectual lability of the personality, the more pronounced is the ability to accept personal responsibility in a situation of frustration needs. At the same time, a high level of rigidity (general, relevant, premorbid, rigidity as a state) is associated with the manifestation of maladaptive patterns of behavior adopted in childhood, narrowing the possibilities for optimal self-realization of a person, with the predominance of aggressive actions with fixation on an obstacle in a situation of frustration. Expressed field dependence is associated with a self-defensive strategy for resolving a frustrating situation and fixing on satisfying one’s own needs.

Reference: 

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