Izvestiya of Saratov University.

Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogy

ISSN 1819-7671 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1948 (Online)

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Russian School at the Turn of the XIX–XX Centuries in the Estimations of Contemporaries

Pozdnyakov Alexander N., Saratov State University

The development of Russian educational system at the end of the 19th century depended on the solution of a number of complex problems which became extremely urgent at that time. The society was concerned with such important issues as expansion and updating of elementary education, introduction on this basis general compulsory education; restructuring of secondary education, adjusting its structure and curriculum to contemporary demands and international practices; ensuring coordination between different educational levels, creation of common successive system of general compulsory education. We can make the judgments about the spread of the discussions and the principled stands of their participants by the articles and books published at the end of the 19th and at the beginning of the 20th century. They represent a wide range of points of view concerning the ideas of educational system development characteristic for the Russian society at that time. However, the state power, which was frightened of the measures considered to be too harsh to take, in fact ignored the public opinion. Modernization of educational system resulted only in slight changes, which did not solve its basic problems.

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