Izvestiya of Saratov University.

Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogy

ISSN 1819-7671 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1948 (Online)

Full text:
(downloads: 20)
Article type: 
111; 123,1

Randomness in Natural Science

Samoilova Olga Alexandrovna, Saratov State University

The article gives brief review of concepts of category of randomness, represented in natural science on three stages of scientific cognition – classical, non-classical and post-non-classical. Ontology and epistemology provide the context of philosophical comprehension of the problem. Author analyzes the problem of randomness in view of methodological bases of science on every stage, adverts to the greatest scientific discoveries in natural science of past centuries and shows the transformation of ontological status of randomness with the advent of quantum physics and synergetic research in the area of complex open nonlinear non-equilibrium systems.  

  1. Carnap R. Philosophical foundations of Physics. N.Y., 1966. 462 p. (Russ. ed.: Carnap R. Filosofskie osnovanija fi ziki. Moscow, 2008. 360 p.).
  2. Barbour I. Religion and Science: Historical and Contemporary Issues. Cambridge, 1998. 368 p. (Russ. ed.: Barbur I. Religiya i nauka: istoriya i sovremennost. Moscow, 2001. 430 p.).
  3. Sachkov U.V. Sluchaynost formoobrazuyushhaya (Formcreating randomness), available at: http://dyyfs.info/yu-v-sachkov-sluchajnost-formoobrazuyushhaya.html
  4. Afanaseva V.V., Kochelaevskaya K.V., Lazerson A.G. Prostranstvo: novejshaya ontologiya (Space: the newest ontology). Saratov, 2013. 223 p.
  5. Goswami A. The self-aware Universe. N.Y., 1993. 520 p. (Russ. ed.: Goswami A. Samosoznayushhaja vselennaya. Moscow, 2008. 448 p.).
  6. Rovinskiy R. E. Samoorganizaciya kak faktor napravlennogo razvitiya (Self-organization as a factor of directed development). Voprosy fi losofi i (Questions of philosophy), 2002, no. 5, pp. 67–77.