Izvestiya of Saratov University.

Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogy

ISSN 1819-7671 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1948 (Online)

Full text:
(downloads: 29)
Article type: 

Reconstruction of the temporal foundations of everyday thinking in phenomenological sociology of A. Schutz

Somova Oksana Andreevna, Saratov State University

Introduction.The article is aimed at identifying the problematic place of temporal foundations of everyday life, formulated in the framework of phenomenological sociology. The concept of everyday life outlined by A. Schutz is based on the conceptual provisions of E. Husserl’s philosophy about the inner consciousness of time and A. Bergson, who distinguished the refl exive self and the vital unity of conscious processes. Theoretical analysis.The author reveals the thesis that the correlation between the past and the present is the basis of everyday thinking and, together with spatial proximity, forms the area of the typical. The temporal sequence of the elements of the typifi cations chain is expressed in an assumed relation to the world, where the occurrence of an event leads to a calculated result. The horizon of contemporaries plays a key role in the everyday cognitive attitude, in which the correlation of subjective and objective times takes place, which means a close connection between the everyday cognitive attitude and objective knowledge. Everyday thinking is intertwined with the intersubjective world of social reality and transcends the limits of everyday inter action. Conclusions. The mechanism of functioning of everyday life identifi es knowledge and freedom, therefore, it has an all-encompassing character of ordering knowledge and extends to the areas of scientifi c and creative thinking too.

  1. Shulga A. Typology of the categorical-conceptual apparatus of phenomenological sociology (continuation). Sotsiologiya: teoriya, metody, marketing [Sociology: Theory, Methods, Marketing], 2008, no. 4, pp. 119–147 (in Russian).
  2. Goffman E. Frame analysis. An Essay on the Organization of experience. Boston, Northeastern University Press, 1986. 557 p. (Russ. ed.: Goffman I. Analiz freymov: esse ob organizatsii povsednevnogo opyta. Moscow, Institute of Sociology RAN Publ., 2003. 752 p.).
  3. Luckmann Th. From everyday experience to the social scientifi c date. In: Phanomenologie und soziale Wirklichkeit: Entwicklungen und Arbeitsweisen [Phenomenology and social reality: Developments and working methods]. Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, 2003. S. 13–27 (in German).
  4. Schutz A., Parsons T., Grathoff R. H. The Theory of Social Action: The Correspondence of Alfred Schutz and Talcott Parsons. Indiana University Press, 1978. 171 р.
  5. Prechtl P. Husserl zur Einfuhrung. Junius Verlag GmbH, 1991. 90 S. (Russ. ed.: Prechtl P. Vvedeniye v fenomenologiyu Gusserlya. Tomsk, Vodoley Publ., 1999. 96 p.).
  6. Muzzetto L. Time and Meaning in Alfred Schutz. Time & Society, 2006, no. 15, pp. 5–31.
  7. Bergson A. Matiere et memoire, Essai sur la relation du corps a l’esprit. Paris, Les Presses universitaires de France,1939. 282 p. (Russ. ed.: Bergson A. Tvorcheskaya evolyutsiya. Materiya i pamyat. Minsk, Kharvest Publ., 1999. 1408 p.).
  8. Schutz A. 1899–1959. Life forms and meaning structure. London, Boston, Melbourne and Henley, Routledge, 2014. 232 p.
  9. Bibikhin V. V. Mir. Yazyk fi losofi i [World. The Language of Philosophy]. St. Petersburg, Azbuka, Azbuka-Atticus Publ., 2016. 448 p. (in Russian).
  10. Schutz A. Der sinnhafte Aufbau der sozialen Welt Eine Einleitung in die verstehende Soziologie. Wien, Springer, 1932. 286 S. (Russ. ed.: Schutz A. Smyslovaya struktura povsednevnogo mira: ocherki po fenomenologicheskoy sotsiologii. Moscow, Institute of the Public Opinion Foundation, 2003. 336 p.).
  11. Schutz A. Symbol, reality and society. In: Collected Papers. The Problem of Social Reality. The Hague, Boston, London, Martinus Nijhoff, 1962, vol. 1, pp. 287–357.
  12. Golovashina O. V. Temporality in social studies: construction of time and by time. Filosofi ya i obshchestvo [Philosophy and Society], 2016, no. 3, pp. 42–56 (in Russian).
  13. Smirnova N. M. Sotsialnaya fenomenologiya v izuchenii sovremennogo obshchestva [Social Phenomenology in the Study of Modern Society]. Moscow, Canon +, ROOI Rehabilitation Publ., 2009. 399 p. (in Russian).
  14. Wagner H. Phenomenology of consciousness and sociology of the life-world. The University of Alberta Press, 1983. 225 p.
  15. Frolova S. M. Understanding of everyday life in temporal dimension. Vestnik Povolzhskogo instituta upravleniya [Bulletin of the Volga Institute of Management], 2010, no. 3, pp. 184–191 (in Russian).