Izvestiya of Saratov University.

Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogy

ISSN 1819-7671 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1948 (Online)

Full text:
(downloads: 20)
Article type: 

Child-adult community as a resource for raising children with special problems

Shustova Inna Yurievna, Strategy of the Education Development Institute of the RАЕ
Zhimaeva Ekaterina Mikhailovna, Institute for the Study of Childhood, Family and Upbringing

Introduction. Currently, the inclusion of children with any developmental disabilities in society is a priority direction of state policy in relation to these children. In the article, the child-adult community is considered as a resource for educating schoolchildren with special problems (deviant behavior, limited health opportunities). The purpose of the article is to reveal the educational potential of the child-adult community, its possibilities for the upbringing and development of children with special diffi culties. Theoretical analysis. The article describes the reasons for the emergence of a community and its main characteristics. The formation of a child-adult community, of which a special child becomes a member, requires additional skills and abilities from the teacher: the ability not only to understand the diffi culties of the child, but also to look for ways to overcome them; the formation in students, including children with special problems, a positive emotional attitude to school, their class and learning; the teacher’s ability to unite children around interesting and signifi cant socio-cultural activities; the teacher’s ability to build any joint activity in the classroom through value-semantic positional interaction. Conclusions. The signifi cance of the proposed approach in revealing the potential of the child-adult community in the development of the special child personality is defi ned. It is in this community where a valuable experience of communication and activity of all participants in educational relations is formed.

  1. Valeeva R. A., Demakova I. D. Humanization of education in the context of Janusz Korczak pedagogical ideas. Review of European Studies, 2015, vol. 7, no. 4, рр. 161–171.
  2. Aleksandrova E. A., Evdokimov N. A., Evdokimova A. I., Tan'cheva I. V. On the issue of modern possibilities of an inclusive educational environment. Filosofi ya obrazovaniya [Philosophy of Education], 2020, vol. 20, no. 4, рр. 125–140 (in Russian).
  3. Sunczova A. S. Teorii i texnologii inklyuzivnogo obrazovaniya: uchebnoe posobie [Theories and technologies of inclusive education: Textbook]. Izhevsk, Izdatel’stvo “Udmurtskij universitet”, 2013. 324 р. (in Russian).
  4. Demakova I. D., Shustova I. Yu., Valeeva R. A. Reconsidered Content of Up-bringing in Modern Pedagogy. ARPHA Proceedings, 1. V International Forum on Teacher Education, 2019, pp. 907–914.
  5. Selivanova N. L., Sokolova E. I., eds. Detskaya obschnost' kak ob''ekt i sub''ekt vospitaniya [Children's Community as an Object and Subject of Education]. Moscow, Izdatel'skiy tsentr IE'T, FGNU ITIP RAO Publ., 2012. 324 p. (in Russian).
  6. Shustova I. Yu. Event-based approach to the education of schoolchildren. Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta [Bulletin of Tomsk State University], 2019, no. 438, pp. 186–193 (in Russian).
  7. Slobodchikov V. I. Ocherki psixologii obrazovaniya [Essays on the Psychology of Education]. Birobidzhan, Birobidzhanskiy gosudarstvennyi pedagogicheskii institut Publ., 2005. 270 p. (in Russian).
  8. Lutoshkin A. N. Emocional’nye potencialy kollektiva [Emotional Potentials of the Collective], Moscow, Pedagogika Publ., 1988. 128 p. (in Russian).
  9. Pary`gin B. D. Social`naya psixologiya. Problemy` metodologii, istorii i teorii [Social Psychology. Problems of Methodology, History and Theory]. St. Petersburg, Akademicheskiy proekt Publ., 1999. 592 p. (in Russian).
  10. Yadov V. A. Refl ection on the subject of sociology. Social`ny`e issledovaniya [Social Research], 1990, no. 2, pp. 3–15 (in Russian).
  11. Tennis F. Obshhnost' i obshhestvo: Osnovnye ponyatiya chistoi sociologii [Community and Society: Basic Concepts of Pure Sociology]. St. Petersburg, Vladimir Dal’ Publ., 2002. 450 p. (in Russian).