Izvestiya of Saratov University.

Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogy

ISSN 1819-7671 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1948 (Online)

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Typological analysis of a personality’s sociocultural orientation among the representatives of various age groups

Frolova Svetlana Vladimirovna, Saratov State University
Troyanova Alena Valerievna, Saratov State University

The introduction focuses on the role of sociocultural determination, mechanisms of cultural transmission and social inheritance in the development of human psyche and personality. The theoretical part considers psychological types of a personality’s sociocultural orientation that were theoretically deduced through the analysis of a subject’s attitude to traditions and innovations, in-group and out-group culture. The author describes ten types of a personality’s sociocultural orientation: harmoniously balanced, locally oriented, locally-traditional, locally innovative, alternatively oriented, alternatively traditional, alternatively innovative, globally-traditional, globally-innovative, globally-indifferent ones. The empirical part provides the results of the comparative research into the types of a personality’s sociocultural orientation among representatives of three age groups: 1) age range of 46–54 years, 2) age range of 27–36 years, 3) age range of 17–19 years. The author ascertains dominating types of a personality’s sociocultural orientation for each group under study. Harmoniously balanced and globally-innovative types of a personality’s sociocultural orientation prevail among the representatives of the older generation; globally-innovative and alternatively oriented (to the values of out-group culture) types are more common for the age range of 27–36 years. Globally-indifferent type of a personality’s sociocultural orientation is of greatest research interest in the youngest age group. The conclusion looks at the key trends, factors, risks and resources of a personality’s sociocultural development among various age groups.

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