Izvestiya of Saratov University.

Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogy

ISSN 1819-7671 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1948 (Online)

Full text:
(downloads: 31)
Article type: 

Practical philosophy: Modern foundations and necessity

Maslov Vadim Mikhailovich, Nizhny Novgorod State University. NI Lobachevsky

Introduction. The complexity, the rapidity of changes and considerable uncertainty of further social development reinforce the requirements for an effective positive influence of philosophy on what is happening. In general, we are talking about the modern concretization – based on the method of dialectical unity of historical and logical – of the fundamental problem of the connection of philosophy and science with life and practice. Theoretical analysis. In the history of philosophy, two opposing traditions of solving the problem of the connection of philosophy with life are being formed. Practical-theoretical one is aimed at helping to solve the universal problems of real life (philosophy acquires political significance). Theoretical-practical tradition is focused on the purity of philosophical search, which provides universal truth practice. Conclusion. The permanence of changes and the real dangers of social development (the threat of becoming a post-outside-human reality) actualize the practical-theoretical position – practical philosophy. Practical philosophy should fully take into account the critical arguments of the opposite side (the danger of political distortion of the truth). In general, it is necessary to unite and activate the work of all practice-oriented forces of philosophy and science (humanitarian expertise, field philosophy, etc.). Professional, pedagogical access to the Internet for criticising post-truth and meaningful presence in the public arena is seen as an important direction of practical philosophy.

  1. Osipov Yu. M. Philosophy in the world: Abstractions and practice. Filosofiya khozyaistva [Philosophy of Economy], 2014, no. 3, pp. 9–14 (in Russian).
  2. Society for Applied Philosophy. Available at: https:// www.appliedphil.org (accessed 15 December 2022).
  3. Vajtszekker K. F. Physics and Philosophy. Voprosy filosofii [Voprosy fi losofii], 1993, no. 1, pp. 115–125 (in Russian).
  4. Savkin N. S. Applied philosophy: Subject, structure, functions. Gumanitariy: aktual’naya problemy gumanitarnoy nauki i obrazovaniya [Humanities: Actual Problems of Humanities and Education], 2010, no. 1, pp. 2–8 (in Russian). 5. Mironov V. V. On the role of philosophy in society: The lessons of K. Marks. Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Ser.
  5. Filosofi ya [The Moscow University Herald. Ser. 7. Philosophy], 2018, no. 5, pp. 12–19 (in Russian).
  6. Maslov V. M. Skepticism: Historical and logical forms and prospects. Izvestiya of Saratov University. Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogy, 2022, vol. 22, iss. 3, pp. 257–261 (in Russian). https://doi.org/10.18500/1819-7671-2022-22-3-257-261
  7. Chatterdzhi S., Datta D. Indijskaya fi losofi ya [Indian Philosophy]. Moscow, Selena Publ., 1994. 416 p. (in Russian).
  8. Diogen Laertskij. O zhizni, ucheniyakh i izrecheniyakh znamenitykh fi losofov [On the Life, Teachings and Sayings of Famous Philosophers]. Moscow, Mysl’ Publ., 1979. 620 p. (in Russian).
  9. Kant I. To the eternal world. In: Kant I. Sochineniya: v 6 t. T. 6 [Essays: in 6 vols.]. Moscov, Mysl’ Publ., 1966, vol. 6, pp. 257–310 (in Russian).
  10. Marks K. Editorial in “Kolnische Zeitung” (N 179). In: Marks K., Engel’s F. Sochineniya. 2-e izd. T. 1 [Marks K., Engels F. Essays]. Moscow, Gospolitizdat, 1955, vol. 1, pp. 93–113 (in Russian).
  11. Veber M. Izbrannye proizvedeniya [Selected Works]. Moscov, Progress Publ., 1990. 808 p. (in Russian).
  12. Barash R. E., Antonovskij A. Yu. Radical science. Are the students capable of public protest? Epistemologiya i fi losofi ya nauki [Epistemology and Philosophy of Science], 2018, vol. 55, no. 3, pp. 18–33 (in Russian). https://doi.org/10.5840/eps201855223
  13. Kutyrev V. A. Chelo-vek tekhnologij, tsivilizatsiya fal’shizma [Man of Technology, Civilization of Falsehood]. St. Petersburg, Aleteya Publ., 2022. 288 p. (in Russian).
  14. Briggle A. A. Field Philosopher’s Guide to Fracking: How One Texas Town Stood Up to Big Oil and Gas. New York, Liveright Publishing Corp, W. W. Norton & Company, 2015. 352 p.
  15. Hilgartner S., Bosk C. L. The growth and decline of social problems: The concept of public arenas. Sotsial’naya real’nost’ [Social Reality], 2008, no. 2, pp. 73–94 (in Russian).