Izvestiya of Saratov University.
ISSN 1819-7671 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1948 (Online)


Phenomenon of Rationality in Culture

The article deals with rationality as theoretical concept and phenomenon and value of culture. Analysis of historical types of rationality in culture is performed. The idea of preservation of renovated rationality in culture is emphasized.

The Idea of Problematic and Eidetic Cognition

In the center of the analysis is the phenomenon of problematicity in the process of evolution of rational structures of cognition, acting as a universal demand that characterizes the cognitive process; the relationship between rational and irrational levels of mastering the world in the form of eidetic cognition. The principle of problematicity is considered in the context of solving problems of scientific activity.

The Existence of Freedom by N. A. Berdyaev and L. I. Shestov: Comparative Analysis

The article deals with the problem of the religious nature of the existential philosophy of N. A. Berdyaev and L. I. Shestov. A comparative analysis of their concepts in relation to the Christian interpretation of freedom has been carried out. It is shown that the concept of freedom can be expressed not only by its own semantic meaning (semantics), but also be reflected in the intuitive experience of existential cognition. Thus, the substantial freedom in the personal perception of N. Berdyaev and L.

The Rational Activity of a Modern Personality and the Meaning of Its “Rationality”

The article is devoted to the analysis of understanding of the meaning of “rationality” of the rational activity by a modern person. According to the author, the achievement of the goal is impossible without solving the problem of studying the epistemological foundations of post-non-classical rationality which dominates the system of civilizational values, since the basis of the meaning of “rationality” always has a certain type of rationality.

Value Factors of Risk Propensity in Military University Cadets at Different Stages of Military-Professional Socialization

The study of the role of values through the prism of the problem of risk and risky behavior in the process of military-professional socialization of cadets is an interesting and important task of social psychology. Adherence to certain basic universal values, the formation of a willingness to take risks for them, or vice versa, their rejection, significantly affect the successful performance of service activities of military personnel, and therefore on society and the state as a whole.

The phenomenology of rational and irrational thinking

This article examines the phenomenological structure of various types of thinking: rational, instrumental, irrational, magical, aesthetic, and ethical. The modalities of consciousness that determine the development of a particular way of thinking, as well as the conditions and forms of their disclosure in different social and cultural conditions of social reproduction are revealed. The author shows the significance and direction of development of the phenomenology of irrational thinking in the context of modern socio-political realities of Russia.

Formation of Secular Society: Social and Philosophical Bases of Research

In article the conceptual bases of research of process of a secularization are considered, in particular, it is specified that Max Weber connects for the first time a secularization with modernization processes in the European society, and also with magic movement to rationality. Identification of consequences of a secularization is an actual problem of social and philosophical thought.

The relational aspect of non-emotionality

Introduction. The article presents the relational aspect of non-emotionality as a type of cognition and scientific development of reality in particular. The focus is on non-emotional states that influence scientific activity and characterize the modern type of scientific rationality, as well as the relational concept of time. The aim of the research in this regard is to study the ontological sources of the phenomenon of non-emotionality, the conditions and relationships that lead to creative solutions. Theoretical analysis.