Izvestiya of Saratov University.

Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogy

ISSN 1819-7671 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1948 (Online)


Full text:
(downloads: 21)
Language: 
Russian
Heading: 
Article type: 
Article

Criticism of «Dialectic Reason» from Positions of Philosophy XX–XXI c.

Autors: 
Duplinskya Yuliya Mikhailovna, Saratov State University
Abstract: 

In article it is proved that philosophy of XX–XXI makes overcoming of dialectics, and not in the spirit of dialectic «removal» at all. Dialectic opposites are replaced with the «swarming» distinctions between which the unity is impossible for the reason that between them there is no mutual exclusion. Both in epistemology, and in social sphere, dialectic «conflict of opposites» strategy is replaced by indirect slip away strategies, deconstruction for example. Dialectic «the unity of opposites» is replaced by communication strategy. Overcoming of dialectics is analyzed in the context of two fundamental «turns» defining a face of philosophy of the XX–XXI centuries. It: turn to consciousness (the phenomenological direction) and turn to language (a hermeneutics, structuralism and post-structuralism).

Reference: 

1. Heidegger M. Zeit und Sein. Zur Sache des Denkens. Tubingen, 1969. S. 1–25 (Russ. ed.: Heidegger M. Vremya i bytie. Heidegger M. Vremya i bytie. Moscow, 1993, pp. 391–406).

2. Gadamer H.G. The thinker M. Heidegger. Heidegger’s Ways. New York, 1993, pp. 68–75 (Russ. ed.: Gadamer H. G. Myslitel M. Heidegger. Puti Heideggera: issledovanie pozdnego tvorchestva. Moscow, 2005, pp. 73–80).

3. Heidegger M. Tesiss der Kante uber das Sein. Existenz und Ordnung. Frankfurt/M., 1962. S. 217–245 (Russ. ed.: Heidegger M. Thesis Kanta o bytie. Vremya i bytie. Moscow, 1993, pp. 361–381).

4.  Deleuze G. Difference et repetition. Paris, 1968. 409 p. (Russ. ed.: Delez Zh. Razlichiye i povtorenie. St.-Petersburg, 1998. 384 p.).

5. Deleuze G. Un manifesto di meno. Sovrapposizioni. Milano, 1978, pp. 67–92 (Russ. ed.: Delez Zh. Odnim manifestom menshe. Metaphizicheskie issledovaniya. Status Inogo. Iss. 14. St.-Petersburg, 2000, pp. 252–278.

6. Nancy J.-L. Etre singulier pluriel. Paris, 1996. 224 p. (Russ. ed.: Nancy Zh.-L. Bytie yedinstvennoye i mnozhestvennoe. Moscow, 2004. 272 p.).

7. Duplinsky Yu. M.  Thinking and language: «revaluation of values». Vestn. Chelyabinsk gos. un-ta. Ser. Filoso? ya. Sotsiologiya. Kulturologiya (Bulletin of Chelyabinsk State University. Ser. Philosophy. Sociology. Culturology), 2012, iss. 25, no. 18 (272), pp. 38–43.

8. Gadamer H. G. Martin Heidegger is 75 years old. Heidegger’s Ways. New York, 1993, pp. 20–32 (Russ. ed.: H. G. Gadamer. Martinu Heideggeru 75 let. Puti Heideggera: issledovanie pozdnego tvorchestva. Moscow, 2005, pp. 25–37).