Izvestiya of Saratov University.
ISSN 1819-7671 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1948 (Online)


Criticism of «Dialectic Reason» from Positions of Philosophy XX–XXI c.

In article it is proved that philosophy of XX–XXI makes overcoming of dialectics, and not in the spirit of dialectic «removal» at all. Dialectic opposites are replaced with the «swarming» distinctions between which the unity is impossible for the reason that between them there is no mutual exclusion. Both in epistemology, and in social sphere, dialectic «conflict of opposites» strategy is replaced by indirect slip away strategies, deconstruction for example. Dialectic «the unity of opposites» is replaced by communication strategy.

Methodological Basis of "New Religious Consciousness" in V.S. Solovyovs Philosophy

This article is devoted to study of V.S. Solovyovs philosophical research оf «new religious consciousness» as alternative of reflective consciousness. The accent is given to peculiarities of ontological intuition in «metaphysics of universal unity» and to «positive dialectics» as methodology to comprehend supernatural primary substance. Solution of this problem is realized in context of analysis by the Russian philosopher of Gegels dialectics and his interpretation of identity law.

Russia and the West: Dialectics of Cultures Interaction and Opposition of Mythologies

Authors of this article state that any post-industrial society is divided into an elite and a mass (S. Bauman, P. Virilio). The elite is exterritorial and mobile, masses, on the contrary, are limited territorially and their movements are either tourism, or the labor migration. Culturally elites tend to interact among themselves more often than they do it with their nations. As for masses, they use, on the one hand, different objects of “other” cultures, but, on the other hand, they oppose each other at the level of mythologies.

Conceptual Dialectical Thinking of Students: Methodological Analysis

The article offers a methodological analysis of the formation of students' conceptual dialectical thinking. The research is organized in the context of students' professional activity as leading and determining in the formation and development of the future specialist. In determining the essence of conceptual dialectical thinking, the authors have been guided by the general psychological understanding of thinking as a process of analysis through synthesis and the movement from essence to phenomenon, from universal to singularity.

Continuity Problem in Education: the Philosophical Approach

Article is devoted consideration of philosophical aspects of a problem continuity in education. The analysis of essence of concept «continuity» with use of a dialectic method by means of the dialectic scheme «thesis – antithesis – synthesis» is carried out.