Izvestiya of Saratov University.

Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogy

ISSN 1819-7671 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1948 (Online)

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Assessment of Loss of Practical Skills by Cadets in Rescue Operations and Methods of Their Recovery

Bulgakov Vladislav Vasilievich, Ivanovo Fire and Rescue Academy of the State Fire Service of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia

The article deals with the training of cadets in educational institutions of The State Fire Service of EMERCOM of Russia in the field of rescue and fire fighting. For the first time the attention is focused on the problem connected with gradual loss by the final year of professionally-applied skills and physical and psychological qualities which cadets acquire while studying the course "Fire Drill" which forms basic skills of firefighters' work in the first and second years. The purpose of the study was to assess the degree of loss of previously obtained professional and applied skills and development of methods of practical training, allowing to form and maintain throughout the period of training, practical skills, physical and psychological qualities necessary to perform rescue operations and fire fighting. Methods of observation and pedagogical experiment, as well as statistical methods of processing its results were used to solve the research problems. Pedagogical experiment has confirmed the fact of loss of vocational and applied skills by the graduates while performing fire drill regulations which are so necessary for the young officer, the head of the fire rescue guard. To solve the problem of training cadets and reducing the adaptation period of graduates to their professional activity, a new method of practical training is proposed, which allows to form and maintain throughout the training period, practical skills, physical and psychological qualities necessary to perform rescue operations and fire fighting.


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