Izvestiya of Saratov University.

Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogy

ISSN 1819-7671 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1948 (Online)


Full text:
(downloads: 16)
Language: 
Russian
Heading: 
Article type: 
Article
UDC: 
1(091)(540)

The Three Systems of the Buddhist Ontology

Autors: 
Berezhnoy Sergei Borisovich, Saratov State University
Abstract: 

The article represents the capsule review of the ontological constructions of the main trends of the Buddhist Philosophy: Sarvastivada, stating that only dharmas are real; Yogachara with its absolutization of the role of consciousness; Madhyamaka with its doctrine of the ineffability of reality. The article critically examines the statements of various modern researchers, such as Karunadasa, F. I. Scherbatskoy, J. Singh, and ancient philosophers, such as Vasubandhu and Nagarjuna, on the ontological problematics. In his article the author analyzes scrupulously the meanings of a number of Sanskrit philosophical terms and gives his own interpretations. He offers the peculiar explanation for the fundamental ontological principle of Sarvastivada: «Sarvam asti» – «Everything exists», that is all dharmas exist really, and in all three times. S.B. Berezhnoy considers also the first category of Madhyamaka Philosophy – Sunya – as the paradoxical notion that means both «Deficiency, Lack of Being» and «Fullness of Being».  

Reference: 
  1. Heidegger M. Being and Time. Albany, 1996. 487 p. (Russ. ed.: Khaydegger M. Bytiye i vremya. Moscow, 1997. 452 p.)
  2. Karunadasa Dr. Y. The Dhamma Theory. Philosophical Cornerstone of the Abhi-dhamma, available at: http://www.zeh-verlag.de/download/dhammatheory.pdf
  3. Scherbatskoy F. I. Izbrannyye trudy po Buddizmu. Selected works on Buddhism). Moscow, 1988. 426 p.
  4. Chatterjee A. K. The Yogachara Idealism. New Delhi, 2007. 237 p. (Russ. ed.: Chatterjee A. K. Idealizm yogachary. Moscow, 2004. 268 p.).  
  5. Rudoy V. I. Vvedeniye v buddiyskuyu filosofiyu (Introduction to Buddhist Philosophy). Vasubandhu. Abhidharmakosha. Razdel I, II (Abhidharmakosha. Volume I, II). Moscow, 1998, pp. 11–113.
  6. Androsov V. P. Buddizm Nagardzhuny (Nagarjuna’s Buddhism: Religious and Philosophic Treatises). Moscow, 2000. 799 p.
  7. Guenther H. V. The Royal Song of Saraha. A Study in the History of Buddhist Thought., Washington, 1969. 210 p.
  8. Singh J. An Introduction to Madhyamaka philosophy. Delhi, 1976. 60 p.
  9. Lingvisticheskiy entsiklopedicheskiy slovar (Linguistic Encyclopaedia). Moscow, 1990. 685 p.