The Three Systems of the Buddhist Ontology

The article represents the capsule review of the ontological constructions of the main trends of the Buddhist Philosophy: Sarvastivada, stating that only dharmas are real; Yogachara with its absolutization of the role of consciousness; Madhyamaka with its doctrine of the ineffability of reality. The article critically examines the statements of various modern researchers, such as Karunadasa, F. I. Scherbatskoy, J. Singh, and ancient philosophers, such as Vasubandhu and Nagarjuna, on the ontological problematics.

The Doctrine of Dependent Оrigination in the Buddhist Philosophy

This article is devoted to the interpretation of the Doctrine of Pratītyasamutpāda in the Buddhist philosophy. In the article the original interpretation of this Doctrine in its intercommunication with the Buddhist ideas about the individual life of a living being which is represented as the stream of dharmas is given. Dharmas are the ontological elements of Being. Opinions of ancient Buddhist philosophers and O. O. Rosenberg, A. M. Pyatigorsky and the others are analyzed there.