Izvestiya of Saratov University.

Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogy

ISSN 1819-7671 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1948 (Online)

Full text:
(downloads: 19)
Article type: 

Comprehension of the historical process in the theological heritage of Origen of Alexandria

Biryukov Arseny Anatolievich, K. G. Razumovsky Moscow State University of Technologies and Management (the First Cossack University)

Introduction. Origen of Alexandria is a large Christian thinker who worked in line with the philosophy of Platonism, Neoplatonism and the emerging Christian tradition. He is a significant figure, both in Christian theology and in the history of philosophy, who especially strongly influenced the medieval period of the development of philosophical thought. Although the theologian did not leave an integral historical concept, he constantly addressed the problem of history in his numerous works. A special feature of Origen’s theological ideas about history is the combination of literal and allegorical approaches to it. Theoretical analysis. The author attempts to recreate a holistic picture of Origen’s ideas about the world-historical process on the basis of preserved works. The providential action of God in history is described. The central role of the Divine Logos – Christ is highlighted. Origen’s eschatology is considered separately as the doctrine of the end of world history. The role of the doctrine of universal salvation as the restoration of the original world order and the meaning of the entire world historical process is revealed. Conclusion. The author concludes that human history, according to Origen, is a part of the world cosmological process and the reflection of it on the Earth. It is the result of a global catastrophe and should contribute to the restoration of the original order.

  1. Milburn R. L. P. Early Christian interpretations of history. New York, Harper & Brothers, 1954. 221 p.
  2. Mihajlov P. B. The mystery of history in Origen: A conflict of interpretations. Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Svyato Tikhonovskogo Gumanitarnogo Universiteta. Seriya II: Istoriya. Istoriya Russkoj Pravoslavnoj Tserkvi [St. Tikhon's Orthodox University. Series II: History. History of the Russian Orthodox Church], 2014, no. 1 (56), pp. 16–30 (in Russian).
  3. Nesterova O. E. The Philosophy of Moses vs. the Philosophy of Solomon and the ranging of senses of Scripture in Origen. Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Svyato Tikhonovskogo Gumanitarnogo Universiteta. Se riya. I: Bogoslovie. Filosofiya. Religiovedenie [St. Tikhon's Orthodox University. Series I: Theology. Philosophy. Religious studies], 2021, no. 93, pp. 11–26 (in Russian). https://doi.org/10.15382/stur/202193.11-26
  4. Legeyev M., priest. Contribution of the Alexandrian school of the III century to the theology of history. Hristianskoe chtenie [Christian Reading], 2018, no. 3, pp. 45–59 (in Russian). https://doi.org/10.24411/1814-5574-2018-10055
  5. Darenskiy V. J. Foundation of Eucharistic metaphysics in “Christ in the world” by S. Bulgakov. Izvestiya of Saratov University. Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogy, 2018, vol. 18, iss. 2, pp. 127–132 (in Russian). https://doi.org/10.18500/1819-7671-2018-18-2-127-132
  6. Origen. O nachalah; Protiv Cel’sa [About the Beginnings; Against Celsus]. St. Petersburg, Bibliopolis Publ., 2008. 792 p. (in Russian).
  7. Shmonin D. V. Tajna otveta: vvedenie v racional’nuyu teologiyu [The Mystery of the Answer: An Introduction to Rational Theology]. St. Petersburg, SPBDA Publ., RGPU im. A. I. Gercena Publ., 2021. 460 p. (in Russian).
  8. Garadzha V. I. Nauchnaya i khristianskaya interpretatsiya istorii [Scientifi c and Christian Interpretation of History]. Moscow, Znanie Publ., 1980. 64 p (in Russian).
  9. Prokop’ev S. M. Vozniknovenie khristianskoj istoricheskoj mysli: Origen Aleksandrijskij [The Emergence of Christian Historical Thought: Origen of Alexandria]. Moscow, MGUP Publ., 2010. 175 p. (in Russian).
  10. Ramelli I. The Christian doctrine of apokatastasis. Leiden, Boston, Brill, 2013. 890 p.
  11. Origen. Against Celsus. In: Bogoslovskij sbornik [Theological Collection]. Moscow, Izdatel'stvo Pravoslavnogo Svyato-Tikhonovskogo Bogoslovskogo Instituta, 1999, iss. 3, pp. 114–136 (in Russian).