Science and power in the political philosophy of F. Bacon: From reformism towards social criticism

Introduction. The paper gives the analysis of the development of Bacon’s views on the problem of the interrelations between science and the state power. Theoretical analysis. The initial period of this development was linked to Bacon’s attempts of obtaining privileged position in the court circles during Elizabethan reign.

Religious-mystical experience and the psychoanalytic tradition

Introduction. The purpose of the article is to consider the specifics of the approach to religious and mystical experience in the psychoanalytic tradition from the point of view of revealing the degree of its interdisciplinarity. Theoretical analysis.

The ontological beginning of fantasy

Introduction. The article presents the ontological aspect of fantasy as a form of scientific knowledge. The concept of the role of normative scientific and cognitive structures and creative cognitive potential, which has ontological roots, in scientific knowledge is being developed. The study is conducted using works on the history and philosophy of science. The focus is on factors that are immanent to science and external to it, capable of not only influencing scientific activity, but also leading to a change in the types of rationality. Theoretical analysis.

Dynamics of ideas about the process of secularization in socio-philosophical discourse

Introduction. The article analyzes the process of secularization of Western European society as a source of world secularism from the point of view of a Russian modern philosopher Grigory Borisovich Gutner and a Canadian philosopher, cultural historian Charles Margrave Taylor. Theoretical analysis. The purpose of this article, first of all, is not only the analysis of secularism as such, but also an attempt to understand the ways out of its coordinate system, which has driven itself into its own trap.

Problems and Concepts of Philosophy and Philosophy of Science: the Phenomenon of Contextuality

This article refers to the analysis of a ratio of science and culture in the context of the new European philosophy. Science as a sociocultural phenomenon always had a special place in culture. Rapid development of science within the last two centuries naturally forces philosophy to look for new approaches to understanding of the nature of scientific knowledge and scientific activity.

The Idea of Problematic and Eidetic Cognition

In the center of the analysis is the phenomenon of problematicity in the process of evolution of rational structures of cognition, acting as a universal demand that characterizes the cognitive process; the relationship between rational and irrational levels of mastering the world in the form of eidetic cognition. The principle of problematicity is considered in the context of solving problems of scientific activity.

The Competition Between Science and Pseudoscience in the Post-truth Era

The article deals with the competition of scientific and pseudoscientific trends in informal knowledge of the social networks. The author obtains new data on the mechanisms of introduction of scientific knowledge into the space of network communication in the post-truth era. She examines the ordinary knowledge, explores the processes of its formalization within the framework of the institutes of professional production of knowledge and deformalization in the conditions of informal Internet communication. Informal knowledge of social networks is subject to post-truth algorithms.

The Problem of Morality in the Philosophical Conception of H. Lanz

In the article the ethical component of the philosophical concept of Henry Lanz is considered. Being the representative of the «young» generation of the Russian Neo-Kantianism, Lanz contemplates an immortality problem as a problem that has the substantiation in ethics and he incorporates Neo-Kantian duality into the concept of immortality.

The Culture, Sciens and Religion in Structural Psycho-Analysis by Jacque Lacan

The author considers the theory of structural psychoanalysis, suggest by Jacque Lacan. On the ground of this theory the author tryes to interpret Lacan’s concepts of culture including its components such as science and religion. 

Christianity and Science: from Autonomy to Interaction

This article is devoted to consideration of the main tendences in solving by modern western christian theologians the problem of relations between Christianity and science. Today here is elaborated a new vision on history and modern state of interrelations between science and theology. Here is stressed an injustice of statesments about their principally opposition and fixed a positive influence of Christianity on the development of European science. There is no common theologian opinion about the mode of modern interrelations between theology and science.