Izvestiya of Saratov University.
ISSN 1819-7671 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1948 (Online)


Structure of Praxis in Religious Ontologies: Comparative Analysis of Traditional Practices of Hesychasm and Yoga

The article observes the problem of intoduction the phenomenon of spiritual religions experience in the field of the philosophical discourse. The analysis of the phenomenon is performed by means of the categories of religious praxis. Much attention is paid to specipic version of ontological interaction between consciousness and existense though practice. The perspective of the application of such methodology to the studying of the modern dynamics in social religious institutions is offered.

The Force and Power of Technology: Too Much or Not Enough?

This article dwells upon a question of power and force aspects of technology as far as the existence of human is concerned. Problematization of the point of connection of equipment and human life will help research neither the political nor the institutional but the existential
meaning of power.

Ontological Incompleteness of the Human Being and the Theory of Consciousness

The article is devoted to the problem of incompleteness in a human life. Incompleteness is considered to be a chronical lack of something within the boundaries of self-identification. The concept of ontological incompleteness as a non-predeterminance of a
human being up to the wholeness is introduced. The understanding of incompleteness is explicated with the help of the theory of consciousness. Consciousness is represented as the several levels of psychic processes.

The Conception of Autopoiesis: Existence, Cognition, Activity

This article is devoted to the conception of autopoiesis given by Chilean
neurobiologists H. Maturana and F. Varela. Autopoiesis as a basic
property of living systems is a foundation for considering of such as
existence, cognition and activity. This conception also makes possible
to explain social processes and cultural phenomena.

The Existence of Freedom by N. A. Berdyaev and L. I. Shestov: Comparative Analysis

The article deals with the problem of the religious nature of the existential philosophy of N. A. Berdyaev and L. I. Shestov. A comparative analysis of their concepts in relation to the Christian interpretation of freedom has been carried out. It is shown that the concept of freedom can be expressed not only by its own semantic meaning (semantics), but also be reflected in the intuitive experience of existential cognition. Thus, the substantial freedom in the personal perception of N. Berdyaev and L.

Beyond Postmodernism: Jean Baudrillard and the Other Dimension of Myth

The article considers the problem of myth in the late works of Jean Baudrillard, which go far beyond the postmodern paradigm of thinking. It is shown that the development of the work of the French thinker was dictated by the logic of breakthrough, which forms a peculiar dialectic of “meetings” and “partings,” where a meeting with the postmodern myth of simulation meant breaking up with the myth of the scientific, and breaking up with the postmodern myth, in turn, meant a transition to new horizons of understanding the mythological component of modernity.

Subjective Well-being of Personality as a Subject of Socialexistence

The subjective well-being of the personality as a subject of the social being is discussed. The various existential space of personality and co-existence as a field criteria and normative basis of well-being are reviewed. The value-semantic basis, experience as a source of feelings of well-being are analyzed. It is noted that the ratio of personality characteristics and subject determine the qualitative content of the subjective well-being. An important role in shaping the personality’s subjective well-being is the procedural aspect of existence.

Problem of a Priori and the Humanities in L.Binswanger’s Existential Psychoanalysis

The article is devoted to consideration of the anthropological project of L. Binswanger. According to his conception before addressing to the research of pathology of any given individual, it is necessary to understand what it means to be the person. And, it follows that the psychiatry gets into a field of the human sciences. Binswanger makes an attempt to transfer the fundamental ontology of Heidegger on the field of psychoanalytic practice, aspiring to overcome the subject – objective opposition and to investigate perceptual existence of the person in the world.

Existential modes and their role in the modern perception of death

Introduction. The perception of death is inextricably linked with subjective experience, the feeling of the inevitability of this phenomenon. Theoretical analysis. Existential modes, such as fright, despair, fear, anxiety, actively studied in the corresponding philosophical trend, are the main aspects that determine this or that view on death in the context of personal experience of the phenomenon of the fi niteness of human existence.