Izvestiya of Saratov University.
ISSN 1819-7671 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1948 (Online)


The Supreme Goal of Moral Practice in the N.G. Debolsky's Ethical Theory

The article considers the ethical concept of N. G. Debolskiy (1842– 1918), an idealist philosopher who created a system of phenomenal formalism, based on the unification of the philosophy of nature, metaphysics and ethics. Particular attention is focused on the identification of specific content and specific signs of the «supreme goal» of a person’s moral activity; reveals the hierarchy of «supreme goals» and its direct interaction with lower goals, which determines human activity.

Democratic Intelligentsia and Elite

The concepts of intelligentsia and elite reflect different historical periods of evolution of the educated class. Intelligentsia is the product of the epoch of democratic rise. It solves the problem of overcoming rupture between advanced enlightenment and real people life. Elite is the subject of the avant-garde culture in the post revolutionary society.

On Typological Classification of the Main Ethnic Communities

One can definitely say that as far back as Soviet times and up to the present day the leading scholars of post-Soviet scope (ethnographers, historians and other) treat differently an essence and content of ethnic communities. It is, in particular, referred to such notions as «tribe», «ethnos», and «people». At the same time a definite disagreement is still observed among the specialists on the issue of typology. Taking into consideration this circumstance the present article carries out work on a new classification of the main ethnic communities.