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Memory of the Other or the Other Memory: the Social-Psychological Analysis of Commemorative Practices

The article represents the results of theoretical reflection of commemorative practices, directed both at simultaneous presentation of the past and its evaluated representation in the present at three levels of the analysis – societies / states, groups and persons. It is shown that at the level of the state, commemorations act as a powerful political and manipulative resource of the power allowing to operate the past, to design cultural memory of social actors, and to consolidate society on the basis of collective experiences.