Izvestiya of Saratov University.
ISSN 1819-7671 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1948 (Online)


The Problem of Freedom as the Known Accidental in the Framework of Regularities: Synergetic Analysis

Freedom in synergetics meaning was defined as a specific analogue of accidental, as a factor changing the ratio of evolutionary capabilities of the system. Freedom emerges only under the super- selection’s conditions that is under the control of the subject over the variety of forms of selection and ultimately over the course of social evolution. The problem of the article partly reduces to the position that causes the debates about the freedom on the issue of known accidental.

The Conception of Autopoiesis: Existence, Cognition, Activity

This article is devoted to the conception of autopoiesis given by Chilean
neurobiologists H. Maturana and F. Varela. Autopoiesis as a basic
property of living systems is a foundation for considering of such as
existence, cognition and activity. This conception also makes possible
to explain social processes and cultural phenomena.

The Problem of Cognition: Evolutionary Approach

The article deals with considering the problem of cognition offered by evolutionary epistemology, evolutionary cognition theory and the constructive ideas of Santiago cognition theory. Analysis of these conceptions shows that the world is revealed through the subject of cognitions and from this point of view cognition and existence are identical.