Philosophy of O. F. Bollnow: it’s Social, Ethic and Existential Aspects

The paper is devoted to the analysis of ethical and existential grounds of a man’s social being through the philosophy of O. F. Bollnow. Actually his philosophy can be considered as the positive existentialism and thus it focuses on positive perception of society and history in their human dimension. The basic concept of the philosophy of Bolnow is «humanity». What is meant is the struggling through sense of danger, fear and vulnerability in risky environment of the modern civilization.

The Ethic Aspects of the Problem of Text in U. Ecos Works

The article is dedicated to the analysis of the problem of text in structuralism and post-structuralism, and to its realization in U. Ecos fiction and scientific works. It is demonstrated that Ecos conception of open work and his main artistic principles coincide with the general post-structural conception of the world as the text. In the article this conception and Ecos ethic positions are compared, and the conclusion about their correlation is made. It implies the certain ethic commitment of the notion of textual reality.