Izvestiya of Saratov University.
ISSN 1819-7671 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1948 (Online)

semantic differential

Substantial and Semantic Characteristics of Students' Ideas About Hope

The purpose of the study described in the article was to identify the characteristics of perception of hope by students with different levels of dispositional hope. The study was performed on a student sample (N=73), whose average age is 19 years with the use of the following psychodiagnostic tools: the semantic differential by C. Osgood; “Hope Scale” by R. Snyder adapted by K. Muzdybaev with the subsequent application of the method of semantic universals and factor analysis.