Izvestiya of Saratov University.
ISSN 1819-7671 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1948 (Online)


To the Problem of the Features of Existential Philosophy of N. A. Berdyaev

In the article, the problem of the religious nature of the existential philosophy of N. A. Berdyaev is considered. It is shown that his understanding of his own philosophy as the existence of the spirit affected the way he understood the issue of freedom. For a philosopher, freedom is a state of mind, and therefore, the problem analyzed is not political and not legal, but exclusively religious.

Symbolic Nature of Consciousness in the Aspect of Creativity

The article deals with the problem of the essential characteristics of consciousness. It is impossible to comprehend the premise of creativity without understanding that. Consciousness can be represented only in the context of potential. The activity of consciousness is a new qualitative state of mind which is defined as thinking. As a result, consciousness can be defined only by the symbol.