Izvestiya of Saratov University.
ISSN 1819-7671 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1948 (Online)


The Idea of the “Overman” in M. Gorky’s Creative Work: the Reception of the Nietzschean Ubermensch and the Social Revolutionary Impulse

The article is devoted to the analysis of the artistic-figurative objectification of the idea of the Overman in M. Gorky‘s literary works. The study addresses the problem of Gorky’s Nietzscheanism, his receptive dialogue with F. Nietzsche’s philosophy and the semantic development of the Ubermensch concept. The aim of the work is to identify the forms of artistic embodiment of the Overman idea and the peculiarities of its semantic interpretation in typical characters of Gorky’s early works.

The concept of the androgyne through the prism of the philosophy of life of A. Schopenhauer and F. Nietzsche

The article gives coverage to the deep meanings of the concept of androgyne which are polar to each other through the prism of the philosophy of life of A. Schopenhauer and F. Nietzsche. One of these meanings, which correlates with the philosophy of Schopenhauer, is a human’s denial of his dependence on his desires and incompleteness in androgyne as a symbol of indivisible integrity. Another meaning appears as a Nietzschean overman, representing the achievement of the extreme fullness of life in the androgyne, which pours out beyond time, becoming imperishable.