Psychology

English

Professionally Important Personal Characteristics of Government Employees

The topicality of the problem under study is due to the fact that the processes of economic development and restructuring that takes place in modern society set new tasks in the field of upgrading the government employees' skills. The aim of the article is to identify the professionally important qualities of effective government employees of the Federal Antimonopoly Service. To solve this problem, the author used psychodiagnostic methods and techniques ensuring a comprehensive study of a government employee’s personality.

Tensometric Investigation Into the Peculiarities of Functioning of the Perceptional and Emotional Spheres of a Learner

The article describes the results of the study that aimed at establishing the psychological features of the relationship between the accuracy of tactile perception and the features of the functioning of the emotional sphere of students. The study involved 120 subjects aged 5–50. The hypothesis predicting that the accuracy of the tactile perception and the emotional status of the students are interrelated was confirmed in the the study. The direct average correlation was established, with a significance level of 0.66 (Pearson coefficient).

Study of Work Motivation in Medical Workers

The article discusses the results of the survey of doctors and nurses conducted by the author in order to study the influence of psychological factors on work motivation, as well as the structure of work motives of medical personnel. The study was conducted in hospitals and clinics of cities of the Irkutsk region, 26 doctors and 34 nurses participated in the survey. In addition, 12 physicians from Greensboro, North Carolina, USA participated in the survey. As a result of the study, it was established that doctors in Russia have a predominance of internal and external positive motivation.

The Significance Problem of Social-Psychological Research Results

One of the topical problems of social psychology is the significance of the research results. After experiments are retried using published techniques, more than a half of these experiments have no confirmation. The verification of the Zimbardo “prison” experiment is one of the most famous examples. Flimsy evidence calls into doubt the predictive function of science and creates difficulties for the practical application of results.

Features of Psychological Attitude of Personality to Objects and Subjects of Labor as a Predictor of Emotional Burnout (Socio-Cognitive Approach)

The article presents the empirical research results of emotional burnout level and socio-psychological characteristics of the penitentiary system employees, presented in terms of job satisfaction and attitudes towards subjects and objects of professional activity in the context of a social cognitive approach.

Reflexive and Verbal Indicators of Teachers’ Burnout

The teachers’ emotional health disorders were traditionally analysed through burnout levels, correlated with individual personality or stress factors of labour, to that the inclusive component of school education is presently attributed. Ways of studying burnout in conjunction with the psycho-physiological personality traits, temperament and character are now fading into the background. The emerging research trend associates emotional burnout with violations in the moral sphere of the individual.

The Problem of Studying Self-Determination of Personality in the Domestic Psychological Science

The article presents the analysis of the current domestic research of the problem of self-determination of personality. It is shown that the peculiarities of the domestic concept of self-determination is the synthesis of foreign experience and our own developments in the field of motivation, self-regulation and subjectivity. In domestic studies it is shown that adolescence is sensitive in the development of self-determination, but there are not enough studies of its ontogenetic features, revealing basic conditions, mechanisms and prerequisites of development.

Memory of the Other or the Other Memory: the Social-Psychological Analysis of Commemorative Practices

The article represents the results of theoretical reflection of commemorative practices, directed both at simultaneous presentation of the past and its evaluated representation in the present at three levels of the analysis – societies / states, groups and persons. It is shown that at the level of the state, commemorations act as a powerful political and manipulative resource of the power allowing to operate the past, to design cultural memory of social actors, and to consolidate society on the basis of collective experiences.

Formation Stages of a Dependent Position in a Situation of Disease

The concept of the disease situation can be considered as interdisciplinary because it has both a bodily and social, objective and subjective context. The physical components of the disease form a limitation of the physical and social possibilities of the patient. In the social sense, the disease situation reflects a different degree of a loss of professional status, social roles, in particular, forming the role of a person to be cared for. The most significant mechanisms of personal transformation are the intensity of internality and the reflection of the self-determination's sphere.

Expressiveness of Self-Control Parameters of Civil Servants with Different Levels of Social Normativity

In article issues of self-control and normativity of the civil servants are discussed. Social normativity of employees is understood as development of moral and ethical regulation of behavior, sense of responsibility, conscientiousness, obligation including execution of the assigned business and aspiration to high-quality performance of instructions. Social non-normativity of the employee implies disregard for officially accepted social norms and rules of conduct or professional activity, lack of bans on violation of standards of behavior and activity.