Chance in Nature: the One and the Multiple

The article is devoted to some problems of modern natural science in
philosophical context of ontological categories «chance and necessity»,
«the One and the Multiple». Particularly, author examines problem of
existence of one world or multiple possible universes, constitution of
fundamental physical constants, set of conditions required for beginnings
and spread of life in the Universe. Duality of relations between
categories «chance» and «the One and the Multiple» is substantiated,

Crisis Spiritual Tradition in European Culture and Causes of Social Collapse: Philosophical Aspect

The problems of the crisis of traditional spiritual Western or Russian
civilizations` values have not found the sufficient reflection both in Russian
and in Western social philosophy. and the term «value» is used in a
completely different and sometimes contradictory meanings. This is a
significant methodological obstacle in understanding through the terms
of «value» the urgent problems of crisis transmission of philosophical
and religious beliefs, ethical and aesthetic standards, a sense of responsibility

Habermas’ Postmetaphysical Thinking: an Analytic

The article is devoted to the consideration of J. Habermas’ concept
of postmetaphysical thinking. According to Habermas, the transformation
of the four aspects of metaphysical thinking (identity
thinking, idealism, prima philosophia as philosophy of consciousness
and the strong concept of theory) results in modern philosophy in a
shift, that leads to establishing of postmetaphysical thinking, also
characterized by four features: procedural rationality, situating
reason, the linguistic turn and deflating the extra-ordinary. However,

Spiritual Potential of Artistic Creation: Sociocultural Risks

In the article briefly lighted up and analyzed some aspects of development
of artistic creation, depending on the spiritual state of
artist. The author contends that any work of art captures a spiritual
state of the artist at the time of its creation. Basically, any creation
captures and reflects not only the spiritual state of «creator» during
the creation of work of art, but his spiritual intentionality. Therefore,
there is always a kind of spiritual seal on the result of creation. The

Social Philosophy of Hannah Arendt: Political and Ethic Aspects

The paper is devoted to the analysis of political, ethical and existential
grounds of a man’s being in the social philosophy of Hannah Arendt.
Actually her philosophy can be considered the political philosophy and
thus it focuses on historical perception of society in its human dimension
from the Ancient Greeks to modern Europe. The basic concepts of the philosophy of Arendt – «freedom» and «deprivation of freedom». It is
about the origins of total domination, about the need to overcome its

«Physicists» and «Lyricists»: two Cultures Yesterday and Today

A well-known contest of «physicists» and «lyricists» is studied from
its beginning at the end of 50s in 20 th century till nowadays. It
is pointed out that at that time the same problem in the West was
marked by Ch. Snow. It was the problem of «two cultures» dissociation-
scientific and artistic one. It’s shown that the invention
of human functional brain assimetry phenomenon by R. Sperry,
doesn’t not just harmonise «physicists» and «lyricists» but also
explains the necessity of their association. On the other hand,

Globalization and the Phenomenon of Religious

The article studies the problem of the relationship between
globalization and the religious phenomenon in the modern era.
Special attention is paid to the specifics of the conflicts in religious
consciousness under the influence of globalization processes.
Globalization is seen as a complex phenomenon, includes a combination
of many elements of social reality.Open and participatory
modernity allows you to shape religious identity indirectly from
national and cultural component. So, mass forms of religiosity

Spirituality as the Highest Value in a Person’s Life

The article describes spirituality as the highest value and the basis
of the existence of a person. The key point of the article is that
the process of becoming a spiritual person doesn’t happen all on
its own and doesn’t depend on the subject itself. On the contrary,
this process requires a certain amount of efforts to happen and
even an inner heroic deed of person, seeking for a spiritual and
cultural growth. The conclusion is that the spirituality is a unique
process which can’t be viewed separately from the existence of a

The Institutional Person: Developing a Philosophical Conception

The paper is devoted to the formation of the philosophical conception
of the institutional person. The paper considers the existing scientific
theories of the institutional person, analyses a possibility of using new
categories and stresses a necessity for working out new conceptions
of the description of social realia of the modern word. The formation
and direction for the development of the philosophical conception
of the institutional person as a conception of the correspondence of


Статья посвящена философскому анализу природы и структуры 
поля морали, а также механизма влияния конфликта на форми-
рование  этических  норм.  Рассмотрены  философско-этические 
позиции представителей древнекитайской философской мысли, 
Античности,  И.  Канта,  Л.  Фуллера,  А.  Бадью.  В  рамках  статьи 
предлагается классификация основных типов морали по ее гене-
зису – априорного, опирающегося на идею навязывания обще-
ству моральных норм извне, и апостериорного, принимающего