The Ontological Foundations of the Institutional Person

While connecting social philosophy with ontology the ontological foundations of the institutional person are opening new unexplored strata of the creation thus greatly broadening the horizons of a scientific research. Using the rational synthesis of religious and scientific world outlook, "mechanical" principles of self-organization of a material world are supplemented by consciousness the forms of which are intrinsic not only to a person.

Sophia as a World Soul in the Worldview of Russian Sophiologists and Gregory of Narek

The article is devoted to the analysis of the image of Sophia the Wisdom of God as a World Soul, which is the focus of the all-unity concept of Russian religious philosopher Vladimir S. Solovyev – the founder of Russian Sophiology. As a unique innovation in the context of research works on sophiology, the article actualizes and pays attention to the work by the ancient Armenian philosopher and theologian of the 10th century Gregory of Narek – «The Book of Lamentations», which expresses ideas revealing the image of the World Soul in a deep philosophical and theological context.

Digital Society and Digital Anthropology: Transdisciplinary Foundations of Social and Epistemological Research

The article deals with the methodological problems of exploring digital social reality. In modern society, digital technologies mediate the whole complex of social relations, linking the state, organizations, and individuals in a complex technical object. The new technological order integrating convergent technologies radically transforms the landscape of human corporeality, everyday life and creativity.

Сivilization Approach: Historical and Philosophical Analysis of the Methodological Resource

The article is devoted to the analysis of the methodological resource of the civilization approach at the modern stage of the historical process. Taking into account the categorical development of the concept of civilization, the author focuses on two groups of socio-cultural characteristics: unique and universal. The unique characteristic reflects the distinctive, special and original features of a certain historical type of society that is being studied in social and cultural aspects.

The Philosophy of Uniqueness

The article is devoted to the actualization of the principle of uniqueness for methodology in philosophy and epistemology. This is due to the fact that no attention is paid to the uniqueness in scientific discourse. However, if general and universal could be the necessary results of cognition for the natural science, then for humanities the heuristic status of uniqueness should become the aim of research at least due to the fact of the uniqueness of a human being and personality in the context of anthropology.

Holding onto Truth: Philosophy and Politics of Mahatma Gandhi

The article is devoted to understanding the concept of “holding onto truth” (Satyagraha), which was developed by Mahatma Gandhi in the process of his struggle against British racism and colonialism. The purpose is to analyze the formation of the Satyagraha philosophy in the context of the life path of Gandhi and his political activities. The novelty of the proposed approach is determined by the desire of the authors to consider the philosophy of Satyagraha in comparison with the thesis of K. Marx that philosophy can change the world.

Personality Development as an Ideological Illusion of the Idea of Progress

The article is devoted to the topic of personal development in the idea of progress. This idea has always reflected in its content the concept of irreversible, linear and universal development as a movement from lower to higher. In this context, most studies on this topic considered the thesis of the inevitable, guaranteed, permanent and upward development of the personality as an axiom.

Clip Thinking in the Context of Educational Practices: a Socio-philosophical Analysis

The article is devoted to the analysis of clip thinking as a phenomenon of the information society. In the context of global computerization, a person constantly interacts with the information and telecommunication network – the Internet – through various devices, which greatly affect his analytical skills. As a result of this interaction, he ceases to think globally and analyze large volumes of serious information. His consciousness becomes mosaic, and his thinking is fragmentary.

The Problem of Intellects in Medieval Aristotelianism

The article deals with the problem of the role and significance of the “ladder of intellects” in Medieval Aristotelianism. The purpose of the article is to demonstrate the decisive influence of the problem of intellects on the difference in the interpretation of the heritage of Aristotle in the Middle Ages, when Aristotle was understood as a theologian and the teacher of primary causes, and in the Modern era, when Aristotle was regarded as an empiricist, metaphysician and the founder of several sciences.

Risk Communication: Theoretical Foundations and Current Issues

This article introduces the framework of risk communication problem. Values, attitudes, social influences and cultural identity, and institutes influence what human beings perceive as their risks. Hence, the social experience of risk is not confined to the technical parameters of risk, i.e. the probability and magnitude. The present work examines the methodological roots of risk communication theory, traces the development of this subject in risk literature, and explores its value in current risk issues.