Historico-Philocophical Analysis of the Notion of Health in Natural Science and Russian Philosophy

A historico-philosophical analysis of the notion of health in the ontological, gnoseological, and axiological context has been carried out in the article. It analyses the views on the notion of health, starting from the cosmocentric indigenous beliefs of the Rusichi and ending with the modern scientific and philosophical interpretations of that phenomenon.

Cyvilyzation and Metaphysics

Article is devoted to attempt to clear up the cult bases of the West civilization and identify the causes of the formation of the latest features in the Judeo-Christian metaphysics. The analysis begins with justification of thought of Pavel Florenskiy’s postulate that, not only a culture genetically comes from a cult, but also any philosophical categories come from a cult too.

Risk and Safety in a Modern Social and Philosophical Discourse: Valuable Aspect

In article the problem of a ratio of risk and safety in daily existence and consciousness of the modern person is considered. From positions of valuable approach the author reveals interrelation of these categories, and also defines preconditions of updating of a perspective of safety in a modern discourse social and the humanities. Within the accepted approach safety types in traditional, modernist and post-modernist society are considered.

The Dialogic Structure of Artistic Reflection

This article is devoted to analysis of dialogic dimensions of art as an essential phenomenon in artistic experience of contemporary man. The concept of «dialogue» is analyzed to be the fundamental principle of the relation of a person with art. The concept of «artistic reflection» is considered as a key to problem of the dialogic interpretation of artistic work. Phenomenon of artistic dialogue is interpreting here as a unity of individual and common in artistic experience. The author also promises the conception of essential levels of this dialogue as a factor of personal development.

Models of Philosophical Reflexion of Mental Illness

The article considers models of philosophical reflexion of the mental illness, offered within the interdisciplinary movements and theories in XXth century. Ideas of L. Binswanger, R. Laing, M. Foucault are analyzed, existential-phenomenological, social and epistemological models of philosophical reflexion of the mental illness are allocated. The author concludes that in all models the mental illness becomes an original phenomenon by means of which are analyzed the existential base of life, society, history, i.e. it becomes the methodological tool, strategy of research.

Topology of Social Space: from Geography to Social Philosophy

The purpose of article is consideration of methodological transformation of the concept «social space» of a context of social and philosophical thought of the XX century. Withdrawal from an initial identification of physical space and social space is considered, drafts of the spatial analysis of the society, developed by P. Bourdieu and B. Verlen are analyzed. P. Bourdieu considers social space as set of the positions taken by certain individuals, and correlation of these positions is defined not only the objective public relations, but also mental designs of individuals. B.

Philosophical foundation of the peculiarities of social technologies in a social policy area

Socio-philosophical content of the term “social policy”, its difference from the definition of “political economics” and also some features of technologies in a social area are described and analyzed in the article. The author distinguishes between the concepts of “labor” and “social labor activity” (deiatel’nost’). Using the concept of philosophy of a name developed by A. F. Losev, the definition of the "ideal" (“ideal’noe”) considered by E. V. Il’enkov, and A. V.

Genesis of Russian religious philosophy of the Slavophiles A. S. Khomyakov and I. V. Kireevsky

The article is devoted to the philosophical, religious and world views of A. S. Khomyakov and I. V. Kireevsky. Based on the analysis of the authors’ creative and epistolary heritage, the authors show the ambiguity of their judgment from the point of view of Orthodox theology. The hermeneutic method allowed the author to analyze the primary sources of A. S. Khomyakov and I. V. Kireevsky, their contemporaries and followers from the point of view of Orthodox theology to determine the degree of their compliance with Orthodox doctrine.

Study of religious traditions as a factor in ensuring the secular nature of culture and education

This paper examines the dialogue and mutual influence of secular and religious culture in the system of secular education from two points of view: firstly, the influence of teaching knowledge about religion on the implementation of the secular nature of education and, secondly, the impact of the need to comply with state educational standards on the form of presentation of religious culture.

St. John’s theorem

The article analyzes the spiritual-mystical components underlying speech, language and self-consciousness of a person. The research is carried out on the basis of an interdisciplinary scientific approach. The main attention is focused on the prologue of St. John, considered as a scientific theorem that paves the way for solving the problem of the existence of language and human self-consciousness.