The Moral Bases of Subject Inter-civilization Dialogue between Russia and China

The article is devoted to a problem of a subject of inter-civilization dialogue between Russia and China. The author proves a methodological and theoretical legitimacy of civilizational approach to solution of the problem of determination of moral grounds of this subject. Based on the indentified methodological positions, he carries out a comparative analysis of value of the spiritual-moral priorities of cultural traditions of Russia and China. It is based on the idea of «person – а moral force», V. S. Solovyov and the ideal of «the noble husband» Confucius.

The Basic Question of Social Philosophy in the Mirror Modern Russian Reforms

The article deals with one of the important problems of social philosophy – the problem of the relation of social being and social consciousness. Using the conceptual framework of classical philosophy, the authors give a modern interpretation of the basic question of philosophy, and refers to the events in Russia of the late XX – early ХХI centuries. This is not by accident, since these events are truly momentous in its history. The article concludes that modernity confirms the importance and the actuality of the basic question of social philosophy.

The Origins of Philosophical Theology in Pre-Christian Culture

This article is devoted to the analysis of problems and specifics of theological discourse in Antiquity. The article deals with the categorical apparatus of ancient philosophy, which was later reinterpreted by Christian theologians. Interaction of Theology in its formation with the philosophy and the natural sciences was very intense and fruitful. Reasons communicative proximity of theology and philosophy are seen us in the style of human thinking. Ancient philosophers have tried to find the fundamental basis of being the world and man.

Scientific Criterions in Normative Theory: Neo-Kantianism and Kelsen’s Theory of Law

In the paper the problem of applicability of scientific criterions in the process of construction of humanitarian theory. Subjectness, objectivity, truth, validity, verification, falsification as criterions were formed in natural sciences. These criteria should be interpreted in a new way in view of specificity of humanitarian knowledge. The analysis of the problem is based on studying a historical example of construction of a humanitarian theory. As an example experience of construction of the theory of law by Hans Kelsen in jurisprudence is examined.

Spiritual Foundations of Political Order in Russia and China Experience

Article is devoted to the influence of spiritual foundations of the political order and modernization development companies. In the center is a comparative analysis of historical experience and prospects of Russia and China. The article is devoted to the impact of spiritual foundations on the political order and development of society in terms of modernization. Historical experience and prospects of Russia and China are in the center of the comparative analysis. Religious, spiritual and moral factors that determine the structure of political order and its dynamic state are analyzed.

Microperspectives of the Social and their Research Strategies

This paper analyzes the research strategies of social and liberal sciences, focused on local, individual forms of existence of the social. It emphasizes that in this context particularly the certain, individual becomes the principle which organizes social reality. The change in the methodological milestones is considered on the historical (microhistory) and social science (biographical method) material. It grounds impossibility of «grasp» of the certain sociality measures when using research «optics» on the macroconcepts level.

Globalization of Environmental Consciousness

The article is focused on the process of environmental conscience globalization, which is founded on human consciousness ability to perceive and recognize existence of a single biosphere + human community system. Planetary environmental conscience evolvement and formation factors are studied, such factors being: empirical knowledge acquired when a person is interacting with natural environment, great discoveries, international commercial and economic relations widening, travelers and scientists’ writings.

Circuits Typological Study of the Socio Modern Society

Sociality is a specific quality of connections, relationships and dependencies between individuals and social groups that create and reproduce many times historically conditioned model of social relations, continuously maintaining the stability and unique character of the established social order. Features of the sociality can be given on the basis of four dimensions units that characterize the irreducible to each other biological, social, cultural and psychological features of the processes deployment in social space.

Λόγος and ἀλήθεια Reconciliation in the Jesus Christ Personality

Western thought contains the system of the fundamental ideas that getting through its entire history determined also the large historical epochs’ individuality. Among them are the ideas of ἀλήθεια and Λόγος. The Christian understanding entirety of Logos-Word depends on the adequate understanding of the Greek school of thought that it follows. The «word» and the «truth» were the closely connected ideas in the Greek philosophy, but with the process of the Greek thought rationalization, the essential estrangement became more significant.

Kinds of Adaptation of the Modern Person: the Social-philosophical Analysis of the Problem

The article is dedicated to the consideration of kinds of adaptation of the modern person in the conditions of the venturesome society. The author of research represents adaptation of the modern person to risky situations through a certain duality: acceptance or rejection of the situation. It is noticed, that process of adaptation is connected with the dynamics of functional possibilities of various mechanisms, with the appearance of the modified skills, habits and qualities.