Global in the discourse of metamodernism: The problem of origins

The article examines the representation of the global phenomenon in the discourses of modernity and metamodernity. In the domestic reception, metamodernism is often represented as post-postmodernism. A significant discrepancy in assessments of a fairly integral phenomenon of modern philosophy of culture, which is metamodernism, can be explained. The methodological guidelines of metamodernism are still in development.

The genesis of individuality as a philosophical problem

The article raises a number of philosophical problems related to the concept of “individuality”. The subject areas of philosophy, for which the conceptualization of individuality is important, are defi ned. The main plot is the opposition of the individual and the universal. Thus, the problem of the status of individuality has epistemological, axiological and ontological aspects. The article discusses possible options for conceptualizing individuality. The key point is the analysis of the individuality’s genesis and the establishment of its ontological status.

Theological education as a basic factor of socialization and the formation of value orientations in a dynamically changing society

In a dynamically changing society, the problem of the formation of value attitudes and the preservation of traditions is one of the main and paramount issues for the construction of social relations. State policy aimed at constructive interaction of various institutions responsible for socialization is a guarantee of the stability of social relations themselves. Considering education as the main institution of socialization, it is necessary to determine the difficulties and opportunities in the formation of value orientations of the younger generation and modern youth.

Posthumanism and the problem of immortality: Socio-philosophical analysis

The article is devoted to the analysis of the problem of immortality in the context of the philosophy of posthumanism. The problem of immortality has always worried humanity. In fairy tales and myths, religious systems and scientific research, it occupies a central place, which relates to the natural desire of a person to live forever. In the philosophy of posthumanism, this problem acquires new meanings, moving from a purely speculative metaphysical field to the sphere of practice. The development of NBICS technologies contributes to this metamorphosis.

Trends in the transformation of social practices and personal identifi cation

The article is devoted to the analysis of transformations of social practices and the corresponding forms of personal identifi cation. The article defi nes the concepts of "practice" and "social practice", and indicates their important components. The author asserts that standardization, massifi cation and virtualization are signifi cant trends in the transformation of social practices and personal identifi cation.

The ambivalence of the Eternity and the Coming in Christian mysticism as a cryptomystical subtext of philosophical thought

It is proved that the superrationality of Christian mystical experience qualitatively diff ers from the superrationality of other mystical traditions. In addition to the superrationality of Eternity as an invariant of all sacred traditions, Christian experience is superrational in the aspect of the Coming state of adoration, which is a task, not a given. This aspect is unique as an attribute of Christian mystical experience only. In the aspect of Eternity, mystical unity with the God is understood in metaphors of rotation, fusion and dissolution.

Social Axiological Rhizome: the Zone of Risk Escalation

This article analyzes the axiological situation of the modern society. The author believes that the axiological foundation of the modern society has lost features of the system, but continues to be a holistic formation, homogeneous in nature, which is evolving non-linearly in different directions without having a single centre and multiple in nature. The most appropriate name for such formation is taken from postmodern philosophy, i.e rhizome. Besides, the paper also postulates that axiological rhizome determines riskogenics of the modern society.

Randomness in Natural Science

The article gives brief review of concepts of category of randomness, represented in natural science on three stages of scientific cognition – classical, non-classical and post-non-classical. Ontology and epistemology provide the context of philosophical comprehension of the problem.

Cultural Context of Education: Russia and China

Culture represents a social phenomenon if we regard it from the point of its material and spiritual values, and education is a dedicated social sphere of ideal existence, related to the subject. Within its own history, education develops in such a direction and in such a force as it has the intention defining the message, aim, reflexive intentional orientation at this aspect. It is education that may reveal intentionality of consciousness: to single out the acts of thinking and their content.

The Problem of Historical Consciousness in The Jörn Rüsen’s Philosophy and Theory of History

The article is devoted to a comprehensive analysis of J. Rusen’s theory of historical consciousness. It is one of the most widespread theories in modern foreign philosophy and theory of history. It emphasizes that J. Rusen’s studies of the essence, structure, transformation processes and social functions of historical consciousness should be considered in the context of the idea of rehabilitation of the modern in present foreign philosophy and the searches of the synthesis of the achievements of narrative and hermeneutic philosophy of history. The idea of dynamic nature of J.