Психология

Russian

Orthodox Christian’s Intrinsic Religious Motivation

Intrinsic religious motivation forms the basis of real religiosity as opposed to nominal religiosity which makes persons identify themselves with the definite confession, but it does not follow any religious practices. While studying Orthodox Christians’ intrinsic motivation we have used the Questionnaire made by I. Stojkovic and J. Miric, which consists of 50 respondents.

Subjective Judgments of the Young Addicts and the Social and Psychological Reasons of Their Involvement in Drug Abuse (on Material of the Research of Nigerian Youth)

The article is devoted to studying the contents of the subjective judgments of young Nigerian drug addicts on the social and psychological reasons of their involvement in drug abuse. The author generalizes the main theoretical approaches to this problem. Research objective: to study the main social and psychological judgments determining involvement of the Nigerian youth in drug abuse.

Why Do We Look Younger or Older than We Are: the Search for Psychological Determinants

The paper presents the results of the first stage of the study devoted to the analysis of perceived age psychological determinants. The purpose of the article was to study gender-age, socio-demographic and psychological factors of a person’s perceived age assessing based on his or her appearance perception. “Perceived age” is defined by the authors as the age attributed to a person (object of perception) by another person (subject of perception, appraiser) as a result of perception of his or her physical appearance.

Recognizing Ekman’s JACFEE Set of Stimuli by Female Subjects in Varied Time Intervals in Correlation with the Driving Forces in Their Personality

The study focuses on the correlation of Szondi’s driving forces in a person with microgenesis of perception of JACFEE set of stimuli by female students (11 subjects). Method: the subjects were exposed to Ekman’s JACFEE set of stimuli (with varied time intervals of 16 msec, 34 msec, 49 msec, 66 msec) in background noise conditions. We have found that microgenesis of perception of the JACFEE set of stimuli involves a chain of phases, in the course of which the mechanisms of perception follow in succession.

Notions of Students about Risks of Involvement of the Person in Criminal Activity: Focus-Group Research

The article presents the results of a focus group study of respondents’ submissions (university students) on the potential risks of involving a person in criminal activity in modern society. The judgments of the representatives of the target group were based on the experience of everyday life (one’s own, acquaintances and relatives) and information obtained from the mass media. The content of respondents’ social representations is structured in relation to social groups (adolescents, youth and adults) and the specific risks of accusing them of criminal activity.

Social Capital as a Psychological Phenomenon

The article is devoted to the problem of substantiating the phenomenon of “social capital” as a psychological phenomenon. The purpose of the study presented in the article was to systematically review the articles devoted to the problem of social capital, executed in a psychological perspective.

Value-based Meaningful Characteristics of Social Activity of Youth, Depending on the Forms of Its Manifestation

The purpose of the study presented in the article was to identify the similarities and differences in value-based meaningful characteristics that determine the different forms of social activity of youth. The results of an empirical study performed on a sample of young people aged 18–25 (N = 80) are presented. The study of the youth’s social activity is performed with the help of the original questionnaire; its life-purpose characteristics are analyzed with the help of the lifepurpose orientations test by D. A. Leontev, the existence scale by A. Langle and C.

Order Diagnostics of Organizitional Culture: Level of Managerial Team

The article introduces a new method for order diagnosis of organizational culture at the level of the management team. The method allows to assess the state of the organization’s management system as an integral part of the organizational and cultural system. The method is based on the management system model developed by O. S. Vikhansky and AI. Naumov. The model identifies three subsystems that are diagnosed using questionnaires in the selfassessment mode by members of the management team.

Social and Psychological Features of Emotional Burnout at Various Stages of Seniority of Correctional Staff

The article presents the results of empirical research of correctional staff’s emotional burnout. The hypothesis: there is an existence of features of correctional staff’s emotional burnout at various stages of their seniority. Empirical selection is presented by employees of Federal Service Directorate of Execution of Punishment in Saratov region. Methods: V. Boyko’s method for burnout level assessment; K. Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI). This research shows dynamics of emotional burnout which people working in penal system eventually acquire.

Social Identity and Commitment to One’s Country: Conceptual and Empirical Basic for Analysis of Correlation Between Constructs

The research into commitment of a person to large stable groups and territorial communities is becoming extremely topical due to greater mobility and migration processes in the modern world. The correlation of constructs of commitment to one’s country and social identity has not been studied yet, which determined the goal of the given research.

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